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Why am I not able to detect my fluorescent labeled siRNA (e.g. FITC) after 24 or 48 hours post-Nucleofection?

Fluorescently labeled siRNA duplexes can be used to analyze transfection efficiency by fluorescence microscopy or flow cytometry. However, FITC, Rhodamine, or Alexa-488 labeled siRNA oligos should be analyzed 0.5-3 hours post-Nucleofection™. Cy-5...

Do I need a pure neuronal culture for Nucleofection® ?

In principle, it should be absolutely fine to nucleofect pure neuron cultures (e.g. after purification by Ficoll). Glial cells are not necessary for transfection. What one would have to consider for example, is to get the required number of neurons,...

Does your Nucleofector® Solutions contain anything that would inhibit attachment of adherent cells?

No. In many cases where decreased attachment is a problem, the cause is inactivated trypsin. Unless the trypsin is inactivated with trypsin inhibitor or media containg BSA or serum, it will continue to degrade the cells and ultimately decrease cell...

What are your recommendations for minimum and maximum cell numbers for Nucleofection ?

The recommended cell number will vary depending on which Optimized protocol is being used. In general, using less than 2x10exp5cells per reaction causes a major increase in cell mortality. For some cell lines we have tried cell numbers up to...

After Nucleofection®, how do you determine cell viability?

We determine cell viability after Nucleofection® in two ways: 1) FACS determination of viable/dead cells by PROPIDIUM IODIDE STAINING. We normally analyze transfection efficiency in living cells by FACS: We first exclude cellular debris by...

Is your pmaxGFP control vector supplied with the Nucleofector® Kits suitable for stable expression?

No. This vector is only supplied in our Nucleofector® Kits as a positive control and cannot be used for selection because it does not contain a mammalian selection marker. The only resistance gene expressed by this vector is kanamycin which is...

What is the optimal size of DNA that you recommend for Nucleofection®?

We routinely use plasmids of 4-7 kb in our laboratories and plasmids up to approximately 20kb should not be a problem. Using plasmids larger than this will most likely result in lower transfection efficiency. Some preliminary results we have also...

Do you have any recommended methods for detaching human monocytes from the plate for assaying or before Nucleofection®?

We have had good results by incubating the cells in ice cold PBS for 10 minutes and then rinsing the plates. Alternatively, the cells can be detached without a medium change by gently pipetting the cell suspension up and down. Our experience has also...

How should I purify my DNA for Nucleofection® of neurons?

The quality and the concentration of DNA used for Nucleofection® in general plays a central role for the efficiency of gene transfer. We strongly recommend using endotoxin free prepared DNA. Endotoxin free Kits are available from several...

I've noticed that duration of the Nucleofection® Program seems to change even when I haven't changed the program I am using. Why?

The duration time of a program is dependent on the number of the program. The duration is also dependent on how long the Nucleofector® System has been turned on as well as the number of Nucleofections you have done in the last couple of...
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