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The animal facility which isolates my hepatocytes is at a different location, should I be concerned about transport time?

Isolated hepatocytes can be transported in Krebs-Henseleit Buffer or supplemented William's E Medium. Long transport time for isolated hepatocytes, (in excess of one hour) can cause a decrease in efficiency of Nucleofection™, but does not seem to...

Can I use the protocol for MCF7 cells for other breast cancer cell lines?

No. Often times closely related cell types will require completely different conditions for Nucleofection™. Therefore, you may want to consider performing a full optimization by using the Cell Line Optimization Kit. Please click on the related link...

When nucleofecting cancer cell lines, do I need to be concerned about passage number?

For the most efficient gene transfer, we recommend using cells that are in logarithmic growth phase and at a passage number of 10-15 (from the time of thaw). This is because some cell lines differentiate and change their features after many...

How much DNA can I use when transfecting hepatocytes with the standard Nucleofector?

We have used up to 6 µg of DNA per 100 µl reaction with no deleterious effect.

For hepatocytes, is plating density a concern post Nucleofection?

Yes, the optimized protocols for the standard Nucleofector™ recommend the use of 6 well plates. Plating into a 12-well plate will pose a problem as less cells will attach at high densities.

Why am I not able to detect my fluorescent labeled siRNA (e.g. FITC) after 24 or 48 hours post-Nucleofection?

Fluorescently labeled siRNA duplexes can be used to analyze transfection efficiency by fluorescence microscopy or flow cytometry. However, FITC, Rhodamine, or Alexa-488 labeled siRNA oligos should be analyzed 0.5-3 hours post-Nucleofection™. Cy-5...

I have been having trouble with "clumping" with my PC12 cells. Do you have any recommendations?

Yes. As PC12 cells often tend to clump we recommend resuspending these cells as thoroughly as possible with a sterile 1mL pipette tip or transfer pipette from your Nucleofector™ kit. This circumvents potential fusion of cells due to the...

Four hours after Nucleofection, I can see the hepatocytes have attached to the well, but the morphology does not look correct, should I be concerned?

There is no reason for alarm. The hepatocytes may not exhibit normal morphology a few hours after Nucleofection™ but by 24 hours post Nucleofection™, morphology should be normal. Remember to perform a fluid change about 4 hours post Nucleofection™....

What is a Neural Stem Cell (NSC)?

Neural stem cells are adult stem cells but you also find them in embryos (already in "adult" differentiation status) and they have the potential to develop into neurons and glial cells. We recommend isolating them from rat and mouse embryos because...

Do I need a pure neuronal culture for Nucleofection ?

In principle, it should be absolutely fine to nucleofect pure neuron cultures (e.g. after purification by Ficoll). Glial cells are not necessary for transfection. What one would have to consider for example, is to get the required number of neurons,...