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Is it more difficult to detect DsRed by FACS than GFP?

Yes, DsRed is much less bright than GFP and is more difficult to detect by FACS and microscopy because it bleaches quickly.

When nucleofecting cancer cell lines, do I need to be concerned about passage number?

For the most efficient gene transfer, we recommend using cells that are in logarithmic growth phase and at a passage number of 10-15 (from the time of thaw). This is because some cell lines differentiate and change their features after many...

Why am I not able to detect my fluorescent labeled siRNA (e.g. FITC) after 24 or 48 hours post-Nucleofection?

Fluorescently labeled siRNA duplexes can be used to analyze transfection efficiency by fluorescence microscopy or flow cytometry. However, FITC, Rhodamine, or Alexa-488 labeled siRNA oligos should be analyzed 0.5-3 hours post-Nucleofection™. Cy-5...

I have been having trouble with "clumping" with my PC12 cells. Do you have any recommendations?

Yes. As PC12 cells often tend to clump we recommend resuspending these cells as thoroughly as possible with a sterile 1mL pipette tip or transfer pipette from your Nucleofector™ kit. This circumvents potential fusion of cells due to the...

Can I use the pmaxGFP control plasmid with insect cells such as S2 cells or SF9 cells?

The pmaxGFP™ Vector provided in our Nucleofector™ Kits is not expressed in insect cells. We strongly recommend an insect expression vector encoding a fluorescent protein or lacZ reporter as a positive control for your experiments [e.g. Novagen™’s...

Do you have any information regarding differentiation of mouse ES cells after Nucleofection with large plasmids?

It is unlikely that plasmid size would affect in vitro differentiation capability. Gene targeting constructs are often as large as 20 kb and if treated well the ES cells are perfectly capable of generating germ line chimaeras afterwards (indicating...

What is a Neural Stem Cell (NSC)?

Neural stem cells are adult stem cells but you also find them in embryos (already in "adult" differentiation status) and they have the potential to develop into neurons and glial cells. We recommend isolating them from rat and mouse embryos because...

Do I need a pure neuronal culture for Nucleofection ?

In principle, it should be absolutely fine to nucleofect pure neuron cultures (e.g. after purification by Ficoll). Glial cells are not necessary for transfection. What one would have to consider for example, is to get the required number of neurons,...

Does the Mouse T cell protocol work for stimulated mouse T cells?

Yes. Stimulate the cells with anti CD3 and anti CD28 antibody for 24 hours. Use the optimized protocol. Often times, this will result in higher transfection efficiency (60-70% is possible). Alternatively, you can stimulate with ConA and IL-2 for 2-3...

Does your Nucleofector Solutions contain anything that would inhibit attachment of adherent cells?

No. In many cases where decreased attachment is a problem, the cause is inactivated trypsin. Unless the trypsin is inactivated with trypsin inhibitor or media containg BSA or serum, it will continue to degrade the cells and ultimately decrease cell...
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