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How long have you been able to observe GFP expression in primary Human Keratinocytes?

GFP expression has been observed for up to one week as measured by light and fluorescence microscopy.

Can I use larger cuvettes for my Nucleofection Reaction ? Can I use the cuvettes more than once?

No. The electrical parameters provided by the Nucleofector™ Device are optimized for the cuvettes contained in the Nucleofector™ Kits. The cuvettes are single-use only. Using the cuvettes more than once will result in higher cell death and lower...

If I use Miltenyi paramagnetic beads for positive selection of cells, i.e. beads remain on the cell surface, does that influence Nucleofection results?

No, it seems that the beads bound to the cell surface do not have any influence on Nucleofection™. Larger magnetic beads (i.e. > 1µm) may disturb the Nucleofection™ process and negatively influence cell viability and efficiency.

Do I need a special incubator for cultivation of insect cells ?

Insect cells are cultivated at lower temperatures than E.coli or mammalian cells (S2 cells at 24°C, Sf9 cells at 28°C). Therefore they need a dedicated incubator with appropriate temperature.

What is the proof that DNA enters the nucleus during Nucleofection?

There are two facts that prove that the DNA is directly transported into the nucleus: 1.) Using the Nucleofector™ Technology, transfection of non-dividing cells is possible. With conventional non-viral transfection methods cell division is a...

Which promoter can be recommended for transient protein production in mammalian cells ?

Vectors with a CMV promoter [e.g. pmaxCloning™, Lonza, Cat. No. VDC-1040] typically work fine for transient protein expression in mammalian cells, like HEK293, CHO or NSO. For insect cells, like Sf9 or Sf21, vectors with insect promoters are...

How can I remove the cells from the cuvette after Nucleofector? Is there any alternative?

We recommend using the plastic pipettes provided in the kits. These pipettes prevent any damage to the cells and ensure a good cell recovery.

What is the best incubation time for transient protein production?

The optimal incubation time ranges from 2-days to 6 days depending on various factors like the stability of the protein in the medium, potential toxicity of the protein, cell density and stability of the plasmid in the nucleus. To check the timepoint...

What selection markers can I use for stable transfections?

The most commonly used marker is the neomycin phosphotransferase (neo) gene that confers resistance to G418 to eukaryotic cells. Other markers are Puromycin, Hygromycin, Zeocin, or the HPRT gene that can be used in HPRT-deficient cells.

Why is the Nucleofector Technology ideal for transient protein production ?

For many cell lines in suspension, especially sCHO, conventional transfection methods are very limited in efficiency. For protein production, suspension cells are favored over adherent cells because they are much easier to cultivate. Unlike...
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