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What are the requirements for direct Nucleofection of mRNA for protein expression?

The mRNA should be capped and polyadenylated. The conditions of Nucleofection™ will be the same as for DNA with the particular cell type, i.e. follow the same protocol and use the same program, except one will likely need to add a much higher amount...

What are your recommendations for minimum and maximum cell numbers for Nucleofection ?

The recommended cell number will vary depending on which Optimized protocol is being used. In general, using less than 2x10exp5cells per reaction causes a major increase in cell mortality. For some cell lines we have tried cell numbers up to...

Does the recovery medium contained in the Mouse T Cell Nucleofector Kits contain any immunogenic substances?

No. The post Nucleofection™ Recovery media contains no immunogenic factors and should not influence cell stimulation or differentiation. For Mouse T cells, some experiments have shown that after Nucleofection™ cells can be stimulated efficiently in...

I see activation of my monocytes (or macrophages or DCs) following Nucleofection. Why is this? What can I do to address this problem?

We have examined the effects of Nucleofection™ (without DNA) on these cells and have not observed significant activation. This indicates that neither the Nucleofector™ Solution, the Nucleofector™ Program nor the recovery medium are sufficient for...

After Nucleofection, how do you determine cell viability?

We determine cell viability after Nucleofection™ in two ways: 1) FACS determination of viable/dead cells by PROPIDIUM IODIDE STAINING. We normally analyze transfection efficiency in living cells by FACS: We first exclude cellular debris by gating for...

What is the optimal size of DNA that you recommend for Nucleofection?

We routinely use plasmids of 4-7 kb in our laboratories and plasmids up to approximately 20kb should not be a problem. Using plasmids larger than this will most likely result in lower transfection efficiency. Some preliminary results we have also...

I observed high mortality rates in mES cells after Nucleofection with a Cre recombinase expression vector. How can I increase the viability?

The High mortality after transfection might be due to the Cre recombinase itself, because the mammalian genome contains pseudo loxP sites (Thyagarajan B et al. (2000) Mammalian genomes contain active recombinase recognition sites. Gene....

How should I purify my DNA for Nucleofection of neurons?

The quality and the concentration of DNA used for Nucleofection™ in general plays a central role for the efficiency of gene transfer. We strongly recommend using endotoxin free prepared DNA. Endotoxin free Kits are available from several suppliers....

Can Lonza's antibiotics be used in clinical trials?

No. They are for research purposes only.

I've noticed that duration of the Nucleofector Program seems to change even when I haven't changed the program I am using. Why?

The duration time of a program is dependent on the number of the program. The duration is also dependent on how long the Nucleofector™ Device has been turned on as well as the number of Nucleofections you have done in the last couple of minutes. When...
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