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How long have you been able to observe GFP expression in primary Human Keratinocytes?

GFP expression has been observed for up to one week as measured by light and fluorescence microscopy.

Can I use the pmaxGFP control plasmid with insect cells such as S2 cells or SF9 cells?

The pmaxGFP™ Vector provided in our Nucleofector™ Kits is not expressed in insect cells. We strongly recommend an insect expression vector encoding a fluorescent protein or lacZ reporter as a positive control for your experiments [e.g. Novagen™’s...

Do you have any information regarding differentiation of mouse ES cells after Nucleofection with large plasmids?

It is unlikely that plasmid size would affect in vitro differentiation capability. Gene targeting constructs are often as large as 20 kb and if treated well the ES cells are perfectly capable of generating germ line chimaeras afterwards (indicating...

Do I need a special incubator for cultivation of insect cells ?

Insect cells are cultivated at lower temperatures than E.coli or mammalian cells (S2 cells at 24°C, Sf9 cells at 28°C). Therefore they need a dedicated incubator with appropriate temperature.

Which promoter can be recommended for transient protein production in mammalian cells ?

Vectors with a CMV promoter [e.g. pmaxCloning™, Lonza, Cat. No. VDC-1040] typically work fine for transient protein expression in mammalian cells, like HEK293, CHO or NSO. For insect cells, like Sf9 or Sf21, vectors with insect promoters are...

Does the Mouse T cell protocol work for stimulated mouse T cells?

Yes. Stimulate the cells with anti CD3 and anti CD28 antibody for 24 hours. Use the optimized protocol. Often times, this will result in higher transfection efficiency (60-70% is possible). Alternatively, you can stimulate with ConA and IL-2 for 2-3...

What is the best incubation time for transient protein production?

The optimal incubation time ranges from 2-days to 6 days depending on various factors like the stability of the protein in the medium, potential toxicity of the protein, cell density and stability of the plasmid in the nucleus. To check the timepoint...

Why is the Nucleofector Technology ideal for transient protein production ?

For many cell lines in suspension, especially sCHO, conventional transfection methods are very limited in efficiency. For protein production, suspension cells are favored over adherent cells because they are much easier to cultivate. Unlike...

Why is the Nucleofector Technology ideal for protein production from stable clones ?

The generation of a stable clone often requires six months or more due to selection procedures and adaption to serum-free conditions after transfection. With the help of the Nucleofector technology suspension cells can be transfected directly in a...

Can I apply more than one program (transfection condition) per plate with the 96-well Shuttle System?

With the 96-well Shuttle™ Device, it is possible to apply up to 96 different programs (transfection conditions) per 96-well Nucleocuvette™ Plate. Therefore, optimization of Nucleofection™ Conditions for a particular cell line can be easily performed...
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