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Is there a reason why in our Nucleofector Protocols for Primary Human Chondrocytes we include FCS in the pronase and collagenase solutions for preparation of chondrocytes?

Yes, even though this may sound odd since serum is generally known to inactivte proteases. We recommend it in this case, however, because the incubation times are quite long and the cells are stressed by the procedure. The amounts of enzymes should...

Can I use larger cuvettes for my Nucleofection Reaction ? Can I use the cuvettes more than once?

No. The electrical parameters provided by the Nucleofector™ Device are optimized for the cuvettes contained in the Nucleofector™ Kits. The cuvettes are single-use only. Using the cuvettes more than once will result in higher cell death and lower...

My suspension-adapted HEK293 (or CHO) cells tend to clump in culture. How can I avoid this?

Efficient protein production experiments require growth of the host cell in single-cell suspension, something that is sometimes difficult to achieve since most established cell lines retain their adherent growth characteristics. Commercially...

Does the GFP sequence in your pmaxGFP control plasmid have a stop codon?

Yes. The coding sequence ends with a stop codon (TGA/UGA).

If I use Miltenyi paramagnetic beads for positive selection of cells, i.e. beads remain on the cell surface, does that influence Nucleofection results?

No, it seems that the beads bound to the cell surface do not have any influence on Nucleofection™. Larger magnetic beads (i.e. > 1µm) may disturb the Nucleofection™ process and negatively influence cell viability and efficiency.

What antibodies can be used against the GFP produced by pmaxGFP and pmaxFP-Green vectors? What antibodies can be used to detect denatured GFP? What antibodies can be used to detect the RFP expressed by pmaxFP-Red?

Most of the commercial antibodies for GFP do not detect GFP expressed from pmaxGFP or pmaxFP-Green vectors. The origin of the protein expressed by the pmaxGFP control plasmid and pmaxFP-Green is from the green fluorescent protein CopGFP, cloned from...

What is the proof that DNA enters the nucleus during Nucleofection?

There are two facts that prove that the DNA is directly transported into the nucleus: 1.) Using the Nucleofector™ Technology, transfection of non-dividing cells is possible. With conventional non-viral transfection methods cell division is a...

How can I improve Human Hepatocyte viability post Nucleofection on the 96-well Shuttle device?

In addition to proper cell handling and using culture media optimized for long term culturing of hepatocytes (Lonza Basal medium supplemented with BulletKit), we recommend separating the healthy hepatocytes from the dead cells and debris in the...

How can I remove the cells from the cuvette after Nucleofector? Is there any alternative?

We recommend using the plastic pipettes provided in the kits. These pipettes prevent any damage to the cells and ensure a good cell recovery.

What is the shelf life of the 96-well Shuttle kits?

The shelf life of the 96-well Shuttle™ Kits is 24 months from date of manufacturing. We guarantee a remaining shelf life of at least 6 months after sending them out of the warehouse.