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What are the critical steps for successful Nucleofection of monocytic cell lines like THP-1, HL60 and U937?

To achieve optimal results, we strongly recommend following the Optimized Protocols in regard to cell culture conditions (medium, splitting cycle, density before Nucleofection),DNA amount and purity. Please also be sure not to exceed 90xg when...

Do you have any recommended methods for detaching human monocytes from the plate for assaying or before Nucleofection?

We have had good results by incubating the cells in ice cold PBS for 10 minutes and then rinsing the plates. Alternatively, the cells can be detached without a medium change by gently pipetting the cell suspension up and down. Our experience has...

Do you recommend a particular supplier for siRNA duplexes for use in Nucleofection ?

For siRNA applications using the Nucleofector technology we recommend siRNA duplexes from Dharmacon, part of Thermo Fischer Scientific.

How do you recommend that we isolate splenic lymphocytes from mouse spleens for Nucleofection? Is erythrocyte lysis required?

For the preparation of mouse spleen cells we recommend cutting the spleen once and passing the tissue through a 100µM cell strainer or steel mesh using a plunger. The cells are flushed into a petri dish containing PBS. In order to remove fat, cell...

Can I use the protocol for MCF7 cells for other breast cancer cell lines?

No. Often times closely related cell types will require completely different conditions for Nucleofection™. Therefore, you may want to consider performing a full optimization by using the Cell Line Optimization Kit. Please click on the related link...

Do you recommend positive selection or depletion for the purification of Human monocytes for Nucleofection?

We only recommend the depletion method. For Example, the RosetteSep™ Isolation Kit for human monocytes [Stem Cell Technologies, Cat. No 15028]. The advantage of depletion is that the monocytes are left untouched by antibodies during the process.

Does it matter if the PBS used for monocyte enrichment contains calcium and magnesium?

The PBS should be calcium and magnesium free to prevent clumping of cells. We routinely use PBS without calcium and magnesium for example Lonza Cat. No. 17-516F

When nucleofecting cancer cell lines, do I need to be concerned about passage number?

For the most efficient gene transfer, we recommend using cells that are in logarithmic growth phase and at a passage number of 10-15 (from the time of thaw). This is because some cell lines differentiate and change their features after many...

How can I determine the correct centrifugation speed for my particular centrifuge and rotor?

The correct rotor speed can be calculated by measuring the maximum radius of your rotor and entering the information into the table found on the website which can be reached by clicking on the Related Link.

Why am I not able to detect my fluorescent labeled siRNA (e.g. FITC) after 24 or 48 hours post-Nucleofection?

Fluorescently labeled siRNA duplexes can be used to analyze transfection efficiency by fluorescence microscopy or flow cytometry. However, FITC, Rhodamine, or Alexa-488 labeled siRNA oligos should be analyzed 0.5-3 hours post-Nucleofection™. Cy-5...
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