Pharmacological properties of JTE-052: a novel potent JAK inhibitor that suppresses various inflammatory responses in vitro and in vivo.

Tanimoto A, Ogawa Y, Oki C, Kimoto Y, Nozawa K, Amano W, Noji S, Shiozaki M, Matsuo A, Shinozaki Y, Matsushita M
Source: Other
Publication Date: (2015)
Issue: 64(1): 41-51
Research Area:
Basic Research
Cells used in publication:
CD34+ cell, human
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Mast cell, human
Species: human
Tissue Origin:
PBMC, human
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Fibroblast, lung, human normal (NHLF)
Species: human
Tissue Origin: lung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pharmacological properties of JTE-052, a novel Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor. METHODS: The JAK inhibitory activity of JTE-052 was evaluated using recombinant human enzymes. The inhibitory effects on cytokine signaling pathways were evaluated using primary human inflammatory cells. The in vivo efficacy and potency of JTE-052 were examined in a mouse interleukin (IL)-2-induced interferon (IFN)-? production model and a rat collagen-induced arthritis model. RESULTS: JTE-052 inhibited the JAK1, JAK2, JAK3, and tyrosine kinase (Tyk)2 enzymes in an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-competitive manner and inhibited cytokine signaling evoked by IL-2, IL-6, IL-23, granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and IFN-a. JTE-052 inhibited the activation of inflammatory cells, such as T cells, B cells, monocytes, and mast cells, in vitro. Oral dosing of JTE-052 resulted in potent suppression of the IL-2-induced IFN-? production in mice with an ED50 value of 0.24 mg/kg, which was more potent than that of tofacitinib (ED50 = 1.1 mg/kg). In the collagen-induced arthritis model, JTE-052 ameliorated articular inflammation and joint destruction even in therapeutic treatments where methotrexate was ineffective. CONCLUSIONS: The present results indicate that JTE-052 is a highly potent JAK inhibitor, and represents a candidate anti-inflammatory agent for suppressing various types of inflammation.