CD28 interaction with filamin-A controls lipid raft accumulation at the T-cell immunological synapse

Tavano R, Contento RL, Baranda SJ, Soligo M, Tuosto L, Manes S, Viola A
Source: Nat Cell Biol
Publication Date: (2006)
Issue: 8(11): 1270-6
Research Area:
Immunotherapy / Hematology
Cells used in publication:
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
T cell, human peripheral blood unstim.
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
T cell, human stim.
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Species: human
Tissue Origin:
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
During physiological T-cell stimulation by antigen presenting cells (APCs), a major T-cell membrane rearrangement is known to occur leading to the organization of 'supramolecular activation clusters' at the immunological synapse. A possible role for the synapse is the generation of membrane compartments where signalling may be organized and propagated. Thus, engagement of the costimulatory molecule CD28 at the immunological synapse promotes the organization of a signalling compartment by inducing cytoskeletal changes and lipid raft accumulation. We identified the actin-binding protein Filamin-A (FLNa) as a novel molecular partner of CD28. We found that, after physiological stimulation, CD28 associated with and recruited FLNa into the immunological synapse, where FLNa organized CD28 signalling. FLNa knockdown by short interfering RNA (siRNA) inhibited CD28-mediated raft accumulation at the immunological synapse and T-cell costimulation. Together, our data indicate that CD28 binding to FLNa is required to induce the T-cell cytoskeletal rearrangements leading to recruitment of lipid microdomains and signalling mediators into the immunological synapse.