Antitumor activity of lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase-beta inhibitors, a novel class of agents, in multiple myeloma

Hideshima T, Chauhan D, Hayashi T, Podar K, Akiyama M, Mitsiades C, Mitsiades N, Gong B, Bonham L, de Vries P, Munshi N, Richardson PG, Singer JW and Anderson KC
Source: Cancer Res
Publication Date: (2003)
Issue: 63: 8428-8436
Research Area:
Cancer Research/Cell Biology
Cells used in publication:
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Cells of the human multiple myeloma cell line MM.1S were co-nucleofected with expression vectors coding for GFP and for a dominant-negative form of JNK (c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase).
In this study, we examined the effects of isoform-specific functional inhibitors of lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase (LPAAT), which converts lysophosphatidic acid to phosphatidic acid, on multiple myeloma (MM) cell growth and survival. The LPAAT-beta inhibitors CT-32176, CT-32458, and CT-32615 induced >95% growth inhibition (P < 0.01) in MM.1S, U266, and RPMI8226 MM cell lines, as well as MM cells from patients (IC(50), 50-200 nM). We further characterized this LPAAT-beta inhibitory effect using CT-32615, the most potent inhibitor of MM cell growth. CT-32615 triggered apoptosis in MM cells via caspase-8, caspase-3, caspase-7, and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage. Neither interleukin 6 nor insulin-like growth factor I inhibited CT-32615-induced apoptosis. Dexamethasone and immunomodulatory derivatives of thalidomide (IMiDs), but not proteasome inhibitor PS-341, augmented MM cell apoptosis triggered by LPAAT-beta inhibitors. CT-32615-induced apoptosis was associated with phosphorylation of p53 and c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK); conversely, JNK inhibitor SP600125 and dominant-negative JNK inhibited CT-32615-induced apoptosis. Importantly, CT-32615 inhibited tumor necrosis factor-alpha-triggered nuclear factor-kappaB activation but did not affect either tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation or interleukin 6-triggered signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 phosphorylation. Finally, although binding of MM cells to bone marrow stromal cells augments MM cell growth and protects against dexamethasone-induced apoptosis, CT-32615 induced apoptosis even of adherent MM cells. Our data therefore demonstrate for the first time that inhibiting LPAAT-beta induces cytotoxicity in MM cells in the bone marrow milieu, providing the framework for clinical trials of these novel agents in MM.