Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is an effective therapy for high-risk leukemias. In children, graft manipulation based on the selective removal of aß T cells and B cells has been shown to reduce the risk of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease, thus allowing the use of haploidentical donors which expands the population of recipients in whom allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can be used. Leukemic relapse, however, remains a challenge. T cells expressing chimeric antigen receptors can potently eliminate leukemia, including those in the central nervous system. We hypothesized that by engineering the donor aß T cells that are removed from the graft by genome editing to express a CD19-specific chimeric antigen receptor, while simultaneously inactivating the T-cell receptor, we could create a therapy that enhances the anti-leukemic efficacy of the stem cell transplant without increasing the risk of graft-versus-host disease. Using genome editing with Cas9 ribonucleoprotein and adeno-associated virus serotype 6, we integrated a CD19-specific chimeric antigen receptor inframe into the TRAC locus. More than 90% of cells lost T-cell receptor expression, while >75% expressed the chimeric antigen receptor. The initial product was further purified with less than 0.05% T-cell receptorpositive cells remaining. In vitro, the chimeric antigen receptor T cells efficiently eliminated target cells and produced high cytokine levels when challenged with CD19+ leukemia cells. In vivo, the gene-modified T cells eliminated leukemia without causing graft-versus-host disease in a xenograft model. Gene editing was highly specific with no evidence of off-target effects. These data support the concept that the addition of aß T-cell-derived, genome-edited T cells expressing CD19-specific chimeric antigen receptors could enhance the anti-leukemic efficacy of aß T-celldepleted haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation without increasing the risk of graft-versus-host disease.