A Potential New Therapeutic Approach for Friedreich Ataxia: Induction of Frataxin Expression With TALE Proteins.

Chapdelaine P, Coulombe Z, Chikh A, Gérard C, Tremblay JP.
Source: Mol Ther
Publication Date: (2013)
Issue: 2: 1-9
Research Area:
Cells used in publication:
Fibroblast, dermal(NHDF-Ad), human adult
Species: human
Tissue Origin: dermal
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
adult fibroblasts from FRDA patients or fibroblasts from mouse model YG8R were nucleofected: - human dermal adult fibroblast solution - 10µg of each TALEN construct - program P-022 (Nuclefector II)
TALEs targeting a promoter sequence and fused with a transcription activation domain (TAD) may be used to specifically induce the expression of a gene as a potential treatment for haploinsufficiency. This potential therapeutic approach was applied to increase the expression of frataxin in fibroblasts of Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) patients. FRDA fibroblast cells were nucleofected with a pCR3.1 expression vector coding for TALEFrat#8 fused with VP64. A twofold increase of the frataxin mRNA (detected by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR)) associated with a similar increase of the mature form of the frataxin protein was observed. The frataxin mRNA and protein were also increased by this TALE in the fibroblasts of the YG8R mouse model. The addition of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-dC) or of valproic acid (VPA) to the TALE treatment did not produce significant improvement. Other TADs (i.e., p65, TFAP2a, SRF, SP1, and MyoD) fused with the TALEFrat#8 gene did not produce a significant increase in the frataxin protein. Thus the TALEFrat#8-VP64 recombinant protein targeting the frataxin promoter could eventually be used to increase the frataxin expression and alleviate the FRDA symptoms