Local Transplantation of Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor-Mobilized Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells for Unhealing Bone Fractures

Fukui T, Matsumoto T, Mifune Y, Shoji T, Kuroda T, Kawakami Y, Kawamoto A, Ii M, Kawamata S, Kurosaka M, Asahara T, Kuroda R.
Source: Cell Transplant
Publication Date: (2012)
Issue: 21: 707-721
Research Area:
Stem Cells
Basic Research
Cells used in publication:
CD34+ cell, human
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Mononuclear, peripheral blood, human
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
We previously reported the therapeutic potential of human peripheral blood (hPB) CD34(+) cells for bone fracture healing via vasculogenesis/angiogenesis and osteogenesis. Transplantation of not only hPB CD34(+) cells but also hPB total mononuclear cells (MNCs) has shown their therapeutic efficiency for enhancing ischemic neovascularization. Compared with transplantation of purified hPB CD34(+) cells, transplantation of hPB MNCs is more attractive due to its simple method of cell isolation and inexpensive cost performance in the clinical setting. Thus, in this report, we attempted to test a hypothesis that granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-mobilized (GM) hPB MNC transplantation could also contribute to fracture healing via vasculogenesis/angiogenesis and osteogenesis. Nude rats with unhealing fractures received local administration of the following materials with atelocollagen: 1 × 10(7) GM hPB MNCs (Hi group), 1 × 10(6) GM hPB MNCs (Lo group), or PBS (PBS group). Immunohistochemistry and real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) demonstrated human cell-derived vasculogenesis and osteogenesis in the Hi and Lo groups, but not in the PBS group at week 1. Intrinsic angiogenesis and osteogenesis assessed by rat capillary, osteoblast density, and real-time RT-PCR analysis was significantly enhanced in the Hi group compared to the other groups. Blood flow assessment by laser doppler perfusion imaging showed a significantly higher blood flow ratio at week 1 in the Hi group compared with the other groups. Morphological fracture healing was radiographically and histologically confirmed in about 30% of animals in the Hi group at week 8, whereas all animals in the other groups resulted in nonunion. Local transplantation of GM hPB MNCs contributes to fracture healing via vasculogenesis/angiogenesis and osteogenesis.