Shiga-like toxin binds with high avidity to multivalent O-linked blood group P1 determinants on mucin-type fusion proteins.

Maria Cherian R1, Gaunitz S, Nilsson A, Liu J, Karlsson NG, Holgersson J.
Source: Glycobiology
Publication Date: (2014)
Issue: 24 (1): 26-38
Research Area:
Cells used in publication:
Species: hamster
Tissue Origin: ovarian
The binding of Shiga-like toxin 1 (Stx1) and Shiga-like toxin 2 (Stx2) to a mucin-like fusion protein, P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1/mouse IgG2b (PSGL-1/mIgG2b), carrying multiple copies of the blood group P1 determinant on O-glycans was investigated with western blot and the biosensor Biacore. Chinese hamster ovary K-1 (CHO-K1) cells were stably transfected with linearized plasmids encoding the PSGL-1/mIgG2b fusion protein, the pigeon a1,4-galactosyltransferase (a4Gal-T) and the core 2 ß1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (C2GnT-I). Western blot analyses of purified PSGL-1/mIgG2b and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) of released O-glycans confirmed the presence of the P1 determinant. Western blot analysis indicated strong binding of Stx1, but not Stx2, to PSGL-1/mIgG2b. In a Biacore assay, Stx1 and Stx2 were immobilized on a dextran chip and the binding of purified PSGL-1/mIgG2b and a P(k)-albumin neoglycoprotein was analyzed. Stx1 and Stx2 bound with high avidity to both PSGL-1/mIgG2b and P(k)-albumin, while the Stx1 binding was the strongest. In summary, we have shown that the pigeon a4Gal-T can be aberrantly expressed in CHO cells together with the core 2 enzyme to generate multiple, O-linked P1 determinants on a simultaneously expressed mucin-type fusion protein. P1-decorated PSGL-1/mIgG2b bound with high avidity to both Stx1 and Stx2, and as such constitutes a potential therapeutic inhibitor of these toxins.