A novel E3 ubiquitin ligase TRAC-1 positively regulates T cell activation

Zhao H, Li CC, Pardo J, Chu PC, Liao CX, Huang J, Dong JG, Zhou X, Huang Q, Huang B, Bennett MK, Molineaux SM, Lu H, Daniel-Issakani S, Payan DG and Masuda ES
Source: J Immunol
Publication Date: (2005)
Issue: 174(9): 5288-5297
Research Area:
Immunotherapy / Hematology
Cells used in publication:
T cell, human peripheral blood unstim.
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
T cell, human stim.
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
unstimulated human T cells with 5µg oligonucleotides with human T cell kit and program U-14. Positive enrichment of FITC-ODN positive cells.
TRAC-1 (T cell RING (really interesting new gene) protein identified in activation screen) is a novel E3 ubiquitin ligase identified from a retroviral vector-based T cell surface activation marker screen. The C-terminal truncated TRAC-1 specifically inhibited anti-TCR-mediated CD69 up-regulation in Jurkat cells, a human T leukemic cell line. In this study, we show that TRAC-1 is a RING finger ubiquitin E3 ligase with highest expression in lymphoid tissues. Point mutations that disrupt the Zn(2+)-chelating ability of its amino-terminal RING finger domain abolished TRAC-1's ligase activity and the dominant inhibitory effect of C-terminal truncated TRAC-1 on TCR stimulation. The results of in vitro biochemical studies indicate that TRAC-1 can stimulate the formation of both K48- and K63-linked polyubiquitin chains and therefore could potentially activate both degradative and regulatory ubiquitin-dependent pathways. Antisense oligonucleotides to TRAC-1 specifically reduced TRAC-1 mRNA levels in Jurkat and primary T cells and inhibited their activation in response to TCR cross-linking. Collectively, these results indicate that the E3 ubiquitin ligase TRAC-1 functions as a positive regulator of T cell activation