T helper 1 (Th1) cells have critical roles in various autoimmune and proinflammatory diseases. cAMP has long been believed to act as a suppressor of IFN-? production and Th1 cell-mediated immune inflammation. Here we show that cAMP actively promotes Th1 differentiation by inducing gene expression of cytokine receptors involved in this process. PGE2 signalling through EP2/EP4 receptors mobilizes the cAMP-PKA pathway, which induces CREB- and its co-activator CRTC2-mediated transcription of IL-12Rß2 and IFN-?R1. Meanwhile, cAMP-mediated suppression of T-cell receptor signalling is overcome by simultaneous activation of PI3-kinase through EP2/EP4 and/or CD28. Loss of EP4 in T cells restricts expression of IL-12Rß2 and IFN-?R1, and attenuates Th1 cell-mediated inflammation in vivo. These findings clarify the molecular mechanisms and pathological contexts of cAMP-mediated Th1 differentiation and have clinical and therapeutic implications for deployment of cAMP modulators as immunoregulatory drugs.