A chimeric adenovirus vector encoding reovirus attachment protein sigma1 targets cells expressing junctional adhesion molecule 1

Mercier GT, Campbell JA, Chappell JD, Stehle T, Dermody TS, Barry MA.
Source: Proc Natl Acad Sci USA
Publication Date: (2004)
Issue: 101(6): 6188-93
Research Area:
Basic Research
Cells used in publication:
Dendritic cell (NHDC), human
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood


The utility of adenovirus (Ad) vectors for gene transduction can be limited by receptor specificity. We developed a gene-delivery vehicle in which the potent Ad5 vector was genetically reengineered to display the mucosal-targeting sigma1 protein of reovirus type 3 Dearing (T3D). A sigma1 construct containing all but a small virion-anchoring domain was fused to the N-terminal 44 aa of Ad5 fiber. This chimeric attachment protein Fibtail-T3Dsigma1 forms trimers and assembles onto Ad virions. Fibtail-T3Dsigma1 was recombined into the Ad5 genome, replacing sequences encoding wild-type fiber. The resulting vector, Ad5-T3Dsigma1, expresses Fibtail-T3Dsigma1 and infects Chinese hamster ovary cells transfected with human or mouse homologs of the reovirus receptor, junctional adhesion molecule 1 (JAM1), but not the coxsackievirus and Ad receptor. Treatment of Caco-2 intestinal epithelial cells with either JAM1-specific antibody or neuraminidase reduced transduction by Ad5-T3Dsigma1, and their combined effect decreased transduction by 95%. Ad5-T3Dsigma1 transduces primary cultures of human dendritic cells substantially more efficiently than does Ad5, and this transduction depends on expression of JAM1. These data provide strong evidence that Ad5-T3Dsigma1 can be redirected to cells expressing JAM1 and sialic acid for application as a vaccine vector.