Mig-6 is required for appropriate lung development and to ensure normal adult lung homeostasis

Jin N, Cho SN, Raso MG, Wistuba I, Smith Y, Yang Y, Kurie JM, Yen R, Evans CM, Ludwig T, Jeong JW, DeMayo FJ.
Source: Development
Publication Date: (2009)
Issue: 136(19): 3347-56
Research Area:
Basic Research
Cells used in publication:
Endothelial, MV lung, human (HMVEC-L)
Species: human
Tissue Origin: lung
Mitogen-inducible gene 6 [Mig-6; Errfi1 (ErbB receptor feedback inhibitor 1); RALT (receptor-associated late transducer); gene 33] is a ubiquitously expressed adaptor protein containing CRIB, SH3 and 14-3-3 interacting domains and has been shown to negatively regulate EGF signaling. Ablation of Mig-6 results in a partial lethal phenotype in which surviving mice acquire degenerative joint diseases and tumors in multiple organs. We have determined that the early lethality in Mig-6(-/-) mice occurs in the perinatal period, with mice displaying abnormal lung development. Histological examination of Mig-6(-/-) lungs (E15.5-P3) revealed reduced septation, airway over-branching, alveolar type II cell hyperplasia, and disturbed vascular formation. In neonatal Mig-6(-/-) lungs, cell proliferation increased in the airway epithelium but apoptosis increased in the blood vessels. Adult Mig-6(-/-) mice developed features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, when Mig-6 was inducibly ablated in adult mice (Mig-6(d/d)), the lungs were normal. Knockdown of MIG-6 in H441 human bronchiolar epithelial cells increased phospho-EGFR and phospho-AKT levels as well as cell proliferation, whereas knockdown of MIG-6 in human lung microvascular endothelial (HMVEC-L) cells promoted their apoptosis. These results demonstrate that Mig-6 is required for prenatal and perinatal lung development, in part through the regulation of EGF signaling, as well as for maintaining proper pulmonary vascularization.