One NY-ESO-1-Derived Epitope That Promiscuously Binds to Multiple HLA-DR and HLA-DP4 Molecules and Stimulates Autologous CD4+ T Cells from Patients with NY-ESO-1-Expressing Melanoma

Mandic M, Castelli F, Janjic B, Almunia C, Andrade P, Gillet D, Brusic V, Kirkwood JM, Maillere B and Zarour HM
Source: J Immunol
Publication Date: (2005)
Issue: 174(3): 1751-1759
Research Area:
Cancer Research/Cell Biology
Cells used in publication:
Dendritic cell (NHDC), human
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
NY-ESO-1 is expressed by a broad range of human tumors and is often recognized by Abs in the sera of cancer patients with NY-ESO-1-expressing tumors. The NY-ESO-1 gene also encodes several MHC class I- and class II-restricted tumor epitopes recognized by T lymphocytes. In this study we report one novel pan-MHC class II-restricted peptide sequence, NY-ESO-1 87-111, that is capable of binding to multiple HLA-DR and HLA-DP4 molecules, including HLA-DRB1*0101, 0401, 0701, and 1101 and HLA-DPB1*0401 and 0402 molecules. We also demonstrate that peptide NY-ESO-1 87-111 stimulates Th1-type and Th-2/Th0-type CD4(+) T cells and clones when presented in the context of these HLA-DR and HLA-DP4 molecules. Both bulk CD4(+) T cells and CD4(+) T cell clones were capable of recognizing not only peptide-pulsed APCs, but also autologous dendritic cells, either loaded with the NY-ESO-1 protein or transfected with NY-ESO-1 cDNAs. Using IFN-gamma and IL-5 ELISPOT assays and PBL from patients with NY-ESO-1-expressing tumors, we observed the existence of Th1-type circulating CD4(+) T cells recognizing peptide NY-ESO-1 87-111 in the context of HLA-DP4 molecules. Taken together, these data represent the first report of an HLA-DR- and HLA-DP-restricted epitope from a tumor Ag. They also support the relevance of cancer vaccine trials with peptides NY-ESO-1 87-111 in the large number of cancer patients with NY-ESO-1-expressing tumors.