Phospholipase C-gamma-2 and Vav cooperate within signaling microclusters to propagate B cell spreading in response to membrane-bound antigen

Authors:
Weber M, Treanor B, Depoil D, Shinohara H, Harwood NE, Hikida M, Kurosaki T, Batista FD
In:
Source: J Exp Med
Publication Date: (2008)
Issue: 205(4): 853-68
Research Area:
Immunotherapy / Hematology
Cells used in publication:
DT40
Species: chicken
Tissue Origin: blood
Platform:
Nucleofectorâ„¢ I/II/2b
Abstract
B cell receptor (BCR) recognition of membrane-bound antigen initiates a spreading and contraction response, the extent of which is controlled through the formation of signaling-active BCR-antigen microclusters and ultimately affects the outcome of B cell activation. We followed a genetic approach to define the molecular requirements of BCR-induced spreading and microcluster formation. We identify a key role for phospholipase C-gamma2 (PLCgamma2), Vav, B cell linker, and Bruton's tyrosine kinase in the formation of highly coordinated "microsignalosomes," the efficient assembly of which is absolutely dependent on Lyn and Syk. Using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy, we examine at high resolution the recruitment of PLCgamma2 and Vav to microsignalosomes, establishing a novel synergistic relationship between the two. Thus, we demonstrate the importance of cooperation between components of the microsignalosome in the amplification of signaling and propagation of B cell spreading, which is critical for appropriate B cell activation.