Depletion of CD25(+) cells from human T-cell enriched fraction eliminates immunodominance during priming with dendritic cells genetically modified to express a secreted protein

Mincheff M, Zoubak S, Altankova I, Tchakarov S, Pogribnyy P, Makogonenko Y, Botev C and Meryman HT
Source: Cancer Gene Ther
Publication Date: (2005)
Issue: 12(2): 185-197
Research Area:
Immunotherapy / Hematology
Cells used in publication:
Dendritic cell (NHDC), human
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
The ability of dendritic cells (DCs), genetically modified with one of two types of plasmid DNA vaccines to stimulate lymphocytes from normal human donors and to generate antigen-specific responses, is compared. The first type, also called "secreted" vaccine (sVac), encodes for the full length of the human prostate-specific antigen (PSA) with a signal peptide sequence so that the expressed product is glycosylated and directed to the secretory pathway. The second type, truncated vaccines (tVacs), encodes for either hPSA or human prostate acidic phosphatase (hPAP), both of which lack signal peptide sequences and are retained in the cytosol and degraded by the proteasomes following expression. Monocyte-derived dendritic cells are transiently transfected with either sVac or one of two tVacs. The DCs are then used to activate CD25(+)-depleted or nondepleted autologous lymphocytes in an in vitro model of DNA vaccination. Lymphocytes are boosted following priming with transfected DCs, peptide-pulsed DCs or monocytes. Their reactivity is tested against tumor cells or peptide-pulsed T2 target cells. Both tVacDCs and sVacDCs generate antigen-specific cytotoxic T-cell responses. The immune response is restricted towards one of the three antigen-derived epitopes when priming and boosting is performed with sVacDCs. In contrast, tVac-transfected DCs prime T cells towards all antigen-derived epitopes. Subsequent repeated boosting with transfected DCs, however, restricts the immune response to a single epitope due to immunodominance. While CD25(+) cell depletion prior to priming with sVacDCs alleviates immunodominance, cotransfection of dendritic cells with GITR-L does so in some but not all cases.Cancer Gene Therapy advance online publication, 17 September 2004; doi:10.1038/sj.cgt.7700778