PX-RICS, a novel splicing variant of RICS, is a main isoform expressed during neural development

Hayashi T, Okabe T, Nasu-Nishimura Y, Sakaue F, Ohwada S, Matsuura K, Akiyama T, Nakamura T
Source: Genes Cells
Publication Date: (2007)
Issue: 12(8): 929-39
Research Area:
Cancer Research/Cell Biology
Cells used in publication:
Species: human
Tissue Origin: breast
Nucleofectorâ„¢ I/II/2b
In our previous study, we identified RICS, a novel beta-catenin-interacting protein with the GAP activity toward Cdc42 and Rac1, and found that RICS plays an important role in the regulation of neural functions, including postsynaptic NMDA signaling and neurite outgrowth. Here we report the characterization of an N-terminal splicing variant of RICS, termed PX-RICS, which has additional phox homology (PX) and src homology 3 (SH3) domains in its N-terminal region. The PX domain of PX-RICS interacted specifically with phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate [PtdIns(3)P], PtdIns(4)P and PtdIns(5)P. Consistent with this binding affinity, PX-RICS was found to be localized at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), Golgi and endosomes. We also found that wild-type PX-RICS possessed much lower GAP activity than RICS, whereas a mutant form of PX-RICS whose PX domain lacks the binding ability to phosphoinositides (PIs) exhibited the GAP activity comparable to that of RICS. However, PX-RICS and RICS exhibited similar inhibitory effects on neurite elongation of Neuro-2a cells. Furthermore, we demonstrate that PX-RICS is a main isoform expressed during neural development. Our results suggest that PX-RICS is involved in early brain development including extension of axons and dendrites, and postnatal remodeling and fine-tuning of neural circuits.