Sensitization to TLR7 Agonist in IFN-beta-Preactivated Dendritic Cells

Severa M, Remoli ME, Giacomini E, Annibali V, Gafa V, Lande R, Tomai M, Salvetti M, Coccia EM
Source: J Immunol
Publication Date: (2007)
Issue: 178(10): 6208-16
Research Area:
Immunotherapy / Hematology
Cells used in publication:
Dendritic cell (NHDC), human
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
TLRs interact with a growing list of pathogen-derived products and these interactions drive the activation of innate and adaptive immune responses. Dendritic cells (DC) play a key role in these events expressing a heterogeneous repertoire of TLRs. We have previously demonstrated the production of type I IFNs in DC following bacterial infections and TLR triggering. In this study, we sought to characterize the transcriptome specifically induced in human DC by IFN-beta production stimulated upon LPS treatment. To this aim, by using cDNA microarrays, we compared the transcriptome of DC following LPS treatment in the absence or presence of neutralizing anti-type I IFN Abs. Interestingly, we found that the expression of TLR7 was induced during LPS-induced maturation of DC in a type I IFN-dependent manner. The induction of TLR7 in maturing DC was mainly a consequence of the transcriptional activity of IRF-1, whose binding site was located within TLR7 promoter. Moreover, we also demonstrated that "priming" of immature DC, that usually express TLR8 but not TLR7, with exogenous IFN-beta induced a functionally active TLR7. In fact, treatment with the TLR7-specific ligand 3M-001 up-regulated the expression of CD83, CD86, and CD38 in IFN-beta-primed DC but not in immature DC. Therefore, a robust enhancement in proinflammatory as well as regulatory cytokines was observed. These data suggest that TLR4-mediated type I IFN release activates specific transcription programs in DC amplifying the expression of pathogen sensors to correctly and combinatorially respond to a bacterial as well as viral infection.