Wnt signaling induces matrix metalloproteinase expression and regulates T cell transmigration

Wu B, Crampton SP, Hughes CC
Source: Immunity
Publication Date: (2007)
Issue: 26(2): 227-39
Research Area:
Cancer Research/Cell Biology
Immunotherapy / Hematology
Cells used in publication:
T cell, human peripheral blood unstim.
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
T cell, human stim.
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
Wnts are a family of secreted glycoproteins with diverse developmental roles, including regulation of cell migration; however, little is known about wnt signaling in mature T cells. We find that endothelial-cell-derived wnts, acting through Frizzled receptors, induce matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2 and MMP9 expression in effector T cells. Blocking wnt signaling, or MMP activity, reduces T cell migration through the basement membrane in vitro and into inflamed skin in vivo. Wnt signaling stabilizes beta-catenin protein in T cells and directly targets the MMP promoters through tandem TCF sites. Thus, our data support a necessary and previously unexpected role for wnt signaling in T cell extravasation.