L13a blocks 48S assembly: role of a general initiation factor in mRNA-specific translational control

Kapasi P, Chaudhuri S, Vyas K, Baus D, Komar AA, Fox PL, Merrick WC, Mazumder B
Source: Mol Cell
Publication Date: (2007)
Issue: 25(1): 113-26
Research Area:
Cancer Research/Cell Biology
Cells used in publication:
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
Transcript-specific translational control restricts macrophage inflammatory gene expression. The proinflammatory cytokine interferon-gamma induces phosphorylation of ribosomal protein L13a and translocation from the 60S ribosomal subunit to the interferon-gamma-activated inhibitor of translation (GAIT) complex. This complex binds the 3'UTR of ceruloplasmin mRNA and blocks its translation. Here, we elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying repression by L13a. Translation of the GAIT element-containing reporter mRNA is sensitive to L13a-mediated silencing when driven by internal ribosome entry sites (IRESs) that require initiation factor eIF4G, but is resistant to silencing when driven by eIF4F-independent IRESs, demonstrating a critical role for eIF4G. Interaction of L13a with eIF4G blocks 43S recruitment without suppressing eIF4F complex formation. eIF4G attack, e.g., by virus, stress, or caspases, is a well-known mechanism of global inhibition of protein synthesis. However, our studies reveal a unique mechanism in which targeting of eIF4G by mRNA-bound L13a elicits transcript-specific translational repression.