The serine/threonine kinase Akt promotes Fc gamma receptor-mediated phagocytosis in murine macrophages through the activation of p70S6 kinase

Authors:
Ganesan LP, Wei G, Pengal RA, Moldovan L, Moldovan N, Ostrowski MC and Tridandapani S
In:
Source: J Biol Chem
Publication Date: (2004)
Issue: 279(52): 54416-54425
Research Area:
Immunotherapy / Hematology
Cells used in publication:
RAW 264.7
Species: mouse
Tissue Origin: blood
Platform:
Nucleofectorâ„¢ I/II/2b
Abstract
The serine/threonine kinase Akt Promotes Fc gamma receptor-mediated phagocytosis in murine macrophages through the activation of p70S6 kinase. Ganesan LP, Wei G, Pengal RA, Moldovan L, Moldovan N, Ostrowski MC, Tridandapani S. Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA. Fc gamma receptor (Fc gamma R) clustering by immune complexes activates multiple signaling pathways leading to phagocytosis. We and others have previously reported that Akt is phosphorylated in response to Fc gamma R clustering. However, the functional consequence of Akt activation by Fc gamma R is not known. Using Raw 264.7 macrophage cells transfected to overexpress either constitutively active myristoylated (Myr)-Akt or a dominant-negative CAAX-Akt and bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) from wild-type and transgenic mice expressing macrophage-specific Myr-Akt, we analyzed the function of Akt in phagocytosis. We report that overexpression of Myr-Akt resulted in significant increase in phagocytic efficiency, whereas CAAX-Akt down-regulated phagocytosis in Raw 264.7 cells. Likewise BMMs expressing Myr-Akt displayed enhanced phagocytic ability. Analyzing the downstream effectors of Akt, we demonstrate that p70S6 kinase is constitutively phosphorylated in Myr-Akt-expressing BMMs. p70S6 kinase is reported to influence actin cytoskeleton and cell migration, suggesting that Akt may influence phagocytosis through the activation of p70S6 kinase. Consistent with this, overexpression of either wild-type or constitutively active but not a kinase-inactive p70S6 kinase in Raw 264.7 cells significantly enhanced phagocytosis. Likewise suppression of p70S6 kinase with rapamycin down-regulated phagocytic efficiency conferred by the expression of constitutively active Akt. These findings demonstrate a novel role for Akt in phagocytosis through the activation of p70S6 kinase.