Rab14 is critical for maintenance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis phagosome maturation arrest

Kyei GB, Vergne I, Chua J, Roberts E, Harris J, Junutula JR, Deretic V
Source: EMBO J
Publication Date: (2006)
Issue: 25(22): 5250-5259
Research Area:
Cancer Research/Cell Biology
Cells used in publication:
RAW 264.7
Species: mouse
Tissue Origin: blood
Nucleofectorâ„¢ I/II/2b
Mycobacterium tuberculosis arrests phagosomal maturation in infected macrophage, and, apart from health significance, provides a superb model system to dissect the phagolysosomal biogenesis pathway. Here, we demonstrate a critical role for the small GTPase Rab14 in maintaining mycobacterial phagosome maturation block. Four-dimensional microscopy showed that phagosomes containing live mycobacteria accumulated Rab14 following phagocytosis. The recruitment of Rab14 had strong functional consequence, as a knockdown of endogenous Rab14 by siRNA or overexpression of Rab14 dominant-negative mutants (Rab14S25N and Rab14N125I) released the maturation block and allowed phagosomes harboring live mycobacteria to progress into phagolysosomes. Conversely, overexpression of the wild-type Rab14 and the constitutively active mutant Rab14Q70L prevented phagosomes with dead mycobacteria from undergoing default maturation into phagolysosomal organelles. Mechanistic studies demonstrated a role for Rab14 in stimulating organellar fusion between phagosomes and early endosomes but not with late endosomes. Rab14 enables mycobacterial phagosomes to maintain early endosomal characteristics and avoid late endosomal/lysosomal degradative components.