Glucocorticoids cause rapid dissociation of a T-cell-receptor-associated protein complex containing LCK and FYN

Lowenberg M, Verhaar AP, Bilderbeek J, Marle JV, Buttgereit F, Peppelenbosch MP, van Deventer SJ, Hommes DW
Source: EMBO Rep
Publication Date: (2006)
Issue: 7(10): 1023-9
Research Area:
Immunotherapy / Hematology
Cells used in publication:
T cell, human peripheral blood unstim.
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
T cell, human stim.
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
Although glucocorticoid (GC)-induced nongenomic effects have been reported, the underlying mechanisms remain unexplained. We previously described that lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (LCK) and FYN oncogene related to SRC, FGR, YES (FYN) mediate GC-induced inhibition of T-cell-receptor (TCR) signalling. Here we characterize the underlying molecular mechanism. The present study shows that the GC receptor is part of a TCR-linked multiprotein complex containing heat-shock protein (HSP)90, LCK and FYN, which is essential for TCR-dependent LCK/FYN activation. Experiments with cells transfected with GC-receptor short interfering RNA (siRNA) showed that the GC receptor is an essential component of the TCR signalling complex. Short-term GC treatment induces dissociation of this protein complex, resulting in impaired TCR signalling as a consequence of abrogated LCK/FYN activation. HSP90siRNA-transfected cells are not able to assemble this TCR-associated multiprotein complex, and accordingly HSP90siRNA treatment mimics GC effects on LCK/FYN activities. These observations support a model for nongenomic GC-induced immunosuppression on the basis of dissolution of membrane-bound GC-receptor multiprotein complexes after GC-receptor ligation.