Cilia-like Structures and Polycystin-1 in Osteoblasts/Osteocytes and Associated Abnormalities in Skeletogenesis and Runx2 Expression

Authors:
Xiao Z, Zhang S, Mahlios J, Zhou G, Magenheimer BS, Guo D, Dallas SL, Maser R, Calvet JP, Bonewald L, Quarles LD
In:
Source: J Biol Chem
Publication Date: (2006)
Issue: 281(41): 30884-30895
Research Area:
Cancer Research/Cell Biology
Cells used in publication:
MLO-Y4
Species: mouse
Tissue Origin: bone
MC3T3-E1
Species: mouse
Tissue Origin: bone
Platform:
Nucleofectorâ„¢ I/II/2b
Abstract
We examined the osteoblast/osteocyte expression and function of polycystin-1 (PC1), a transmembrane protein that is a component of the polycystin-2 (PC2)-ciliary mechano-sensor complex in renal epithelial cells. We found that MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts and MLO-Y4 osteocytes express transcripts for PC1, PC2, and the ciliary proteins Tg737 and Kif3a. Immunohistochemical analysis detected cilia-like structures in MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic and MLO-Y4 osteocyte-like cell lines as well as primary osteocytes and osteoblasts from calvaria. Pkd1(m1Bei) mice have inactivating missense mutations of Pkd1 gene that encode PC1. Pkd1(m1Bei) homozygous mutant mice demonstrated delayed endochondral and intramembranous bone formation, whereas heterozygous Pkd1(m1Bei) mutant mice had osteopenia caused by reduced osteoblastic function. Heterozygous and homozygous Pkd1(m1Bei) mutant mice displayed a gene dose-dependent decrease in the expression of Runx2 and osteoblast-related genes. In addition, overexpression of constitutively active PC1 C-terminal constructs in MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts resulted in an increase in Runx2 P1 promoter activity and endogenous Runx2 expression as well as an increase in osteoblast differentiation markers. Conversely, osteoblasts derived from Pkd1(m1Bei) homozygous mutant mice had significant reductions in endogenous Runx2 expression, osteoblastic markers, and differentiation capacity ex vivo. Co-expression of constitutively active PC1 C-terminal construct into Pkd1(m1Bei) homozygous osteoblasts was sufficient to normalize Runx2 P1 promoter activity. These findings are consistent with a possible functional role of cilia and PC1 in anabolic signaling in osteoblasts/osteocytes.