Lymphocyte Chemotaxis Is Regulated by Histone Deacetylase 6, Independently of Its Deacetylase Activity

Cabrero JR, Serrador JM, Barreiro O, Mittelbrunn M, Naranjo-Suarez S, Martin-Cofreces N, Vicente-Manzanares M, Mazitschek R, Bradner JE, Avila J, Valenzuela-Fernandez A, Sanchez-Madrid F
Source: Mol Biol Cell
Publication Date: (2006)
Issue: 17(8): 3435-3445
Research Area:
Immunotherapy / Hematology
Cells used in publication:
T cell, human peripheral blood unstim.
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
T cell, human stim.
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
In this work, the role of HDAC6, a type II histone deacetylase with tubulin deacetylase activity, in lymphocyte polarity, motility and transmigration was explored. HDAC6 was localized at dynamic subcellular structures as leading lamellipodia and the uropod in migrating T-cells. However, HDAC6 activity did not appear to be involved in the polarity of migrating lymphocytes. Overexpression of HDAC6 in freshly isolated lymphocytes and T-cell lines increased the lymphocyte migration mediated by chemokines, and their transendothelial migration under shear flow. Accordingly, the knockdown of HDAC6 expression in T-cells diminished their chemotactic capability. Additional experiments with HDAC6 inhibitors (Trichostatin, Tubacin), other structural related molecules (Niltubacin, MAZ-1391) and HDAC6 dead mutants showed that the deacetylase activity of HDAC6 was not involved in the modulatory effect of this molecule on cell migration. Our results indicate that HDAC6 has an important role in the chemotaxis of T lymphocytes, which is independent of its tubulin deacetylase activity.