A Kinase-Independent Function of c-Abl in Promoting Proteolytic Destruction of Damaged DNA Binding Proteins

Chen X, Zhang J, Lee J, Lin PS, Ford JM, Zheng N, Zhou P
Source: Mol Cell
Publication Date: (2006)
Issue: 22(4): 489-99
Research Area:
Cancer Research/Cell Biology
Cells used in publication:
Embryonic fibroblast, mouse (MEF) immort
Species: mouse
Tissue Origin: embryo
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
Damaged DNA binding proteins (DDBs) play a critical role in the initial recognition of UV-damaged DNA and mediate recruitment of nucleotide excision repair factors. Previous studies identified DDB2 as a target of the CUL-4A ubiquitin ligase. However, the biochemical mechanism governing DDB proteolysis and its underlying physiological function in the removal of UV-induced DNA damage are largely unknown. Here, we report that the c-Abl nonreceptor tyrosine kinase negatively regulates the repair of UV-induced photolesions on genomic DNA. Biochemical studies revealed that c-Abl promotes CUL-4A-mediated DDB ubiquitination and degradation in a manner that does not require its tyrosine kinase activity both under normal growth conditions and following UV irradiation. Moreover, c-Abl activates DDB degradation in part by alleviating the inhibitory effect of CAND1/TIP120A on CUL-4A. These results revealed a kinase-independent function of c-Abl in a ubiquitin-proteolytic pathway that regulates the damage recognition step of nucleotide excision repair.