Interleukin (IL) -12 is a major inducer of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) and the principal mediator of T helper (Th)1 differentiation. To identify IL-12-regulated genes, which might contribute to Th1 differentiation and IFNG regulation, we employed microarray analysis. Surprisingly, a ubiquitously expressed proprotein convertase (PC) furin, was one of the most consistently IL-12-induced genes in T cells and among PCs was the only one regulated by this cytokine. Furin was preferentially expressed in differentiated Th1 cells in a Stat4-dependent manner. Expression of furin enhanced IFN-gamma secretion, whereas inhibition of furin interfered with IFN-gamma production. Thus, we conclude that IL-12 induction of furin might represent a new aspect of IFN-gamma regulation and control of Th1 differentiation.