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4665 results sorted by

Enrichment of regulatory CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells by inhibition of phospholipase D signaling

Antigen stimulation of lymphocytes induces upregulation of phospholipase D (PLD) activity, but the biological significance of PLD-mediated signaling in T cells has not been well established. Here we demonstrate that PLD signaling is essential for...
Authors: Singh N, Seki Y, Takami M, Baban B, Chandler PR, Khosravi D, Zheng X, Takezaki M, Lee JR, Mellor AL,...

Calmodulin regulates current density and frequency-dependent inhibition of sodium channel Nav1.8 in DRG neurons

Sodium channel Nav1.8 produces a slowly-inactivating, tetrodotoxin-resistant current which is characterized by recovery from inactivation with fast and slow components, and contributes a substantial fraction of the current underlying the depolarizing...
Authors: Choi JS, Hudmon A, Waxman S, Dib-Hajj SD

DNA-PK autophosphorylation facilitates Artemis endonuclease activity

The Artemis nuclease is defective in radiosensitive severe combined immunodeficiency patients and is required for the repair of a subset of ionising radiation induced DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in an ATM and DNA-PK dependent process. Here, we...
Authors: Goodarzi AA, Yu Y, Riballo E, Douglas P, Walker SA, Ye R, Harer C, Marchetti C, Morrice N, Jeggo PA,...

SOX4 expression in bladder carcinoma: clinical aspects and in vitro functional characterization

The human transcription factor SOX4 was 5-fold up-regulated in bladder tumors compared with normal tissue based on whole-genome expression profiling of 166 clinical bladder tumor samples and 27 normal urothelium samples. Using a SOX4-specific...
Authors: Aaboe M, Birkenkamp-Demtroder K, Wiuf C, Sorensen FB, Thykjaer T, Sauter G, Jensen KM, Dyrskjot L,...

Endogenous alpha-synuclein is induced by valproic acid through histone deacetylase inhibition and participates in neuroprotection against glutamate-induced excitotoxicity

Emerging evidence suggests that alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn), which is traditionally thought to have a pathophysiological role in neurodegenerative diseases, can have neuroprotective effects. This study aimed to investigate whether endogenous...
Authors: Leng Y, Chuang DM

Comparative study of the effects of heptameric slippery site composition on -1 frameshifting among different eukaryotic systems

Studies of programmed -1 ribosomal frameshifting (-1 PRF) have been approached over the past two decades by many different laboratories using a diverse array of virus-derived frameshift signals in translational assay systems derived from a variety of...
Authors: Plant EP, Dinman JD

Polypyrimidine Tract Binding Protein Regulates IRES-Mediated Gene Expression during Apoptosis

During apoptosis there is a substantial reduction in the rate of protein synthesis, and yet some mRNAs avoid this translational inhibition. To determine the impact that receptor-mediated cell death has on the translational efficiency of a large...
Authors: Bushell M, Stoneley M, Kong YW, Hamilton TL, Spriggs KA, Dobbyn HC, Qin X, Sarnow P, Willis AE

Functions of ERp57 in the folding and assembly of MHC Class I molecules

ERp57 is a thiol oxidoreductase of the endoplasmic reticulum that appears to be recruited to substrates indirectly through its association with the molecular chaperones calnexin and calreticulin. However, its functions in living cells have been...
Authors: Zhang Y, Baig E, Williams DB

Nitrosylcobalamin Promotes Cell Death via S Nitrosylation of Apo2L/TRAIL Receptor DR4

We have previously demonstrated that nitrosylcobalamin (NO-Cbl), an analogue of vitamin B(12) that delivers nitric oxide (NO), had potent antiproliferative activity against several human cancer cell lines. NO-Cbl induced apoptosis via a death...
Authors: Tang Z, Bauer JA, Morrison B, Lindner DJ

B7-H4 expression identifies a novel suppressive macrophage population in human ovarian carcinoma

Tumor-associated macrophages are a prominent component of ovarian cancer stroma and contribute to tumor progression. B7-H4 is a recently identified B7 family molecule. We show that primary ovarian tumor cells express intracellular B7-H4, whereas a...
Authors: Kryczek I, Zou L, Rodriguez P, Zhu G, Wei S, Mottram P, Brumlik M, Cheng P, Curiel T, Myers L,...
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