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4785 results sorted by

A Murine Model for Assessment of Plasmodium falciparum Transmission Blocking Vaccine using Transgenic Plasmodium berghei Parasites Expressing the target antigen Pfs25

Currently, there is no animal model for Plasmodium falciparum challenge to evaluate malaria transmission blocking vaccines (TBV) based on well established Pfs25 target antigen. The biological activity of transmission blocking antibodies is assessed...
Authors: Mlambo G, Maciel J, Kumar N

Myocardin inhibits cellular proliferation by inhibiting NF-kappaB(p65)-dependent cell cycle progression

We previously reported the importance of the serum response factor (SRF) cofactor myocardin in controlling muscle gene expression as well as the fundamental role for the inflammatory transcription factor NF-kappaB in governing cellular fate....
Authors: Tang RH, Zheng XL, Callis TE, Stansfield WE, He J, Baldwin AS, Wang DZ, Selzman CH

CD63 is not Required for the Production of Infectious Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 in Human Macrophages

During the assembly of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) particles, the tetraspanin CD63 can be incorporated into the viral membrane. Indeed, cell surface tetraspanin microdomains, that include CD63, have been proposed as sites for virus...
Authors: Ruiz-Mateos E, Pelchen-Matthews A, Deneka M, Marsh M

Polycystin-1 regulates skeletogenesis through stimulation of the osteoblast-specific transcription factor Runx2-II

Polycystin-1 (PC1) may play an important role in skeletogenesis through regulation of the bone-specific transcrip-tion factor Runx2-II. In the current study, we found that PC1 co-localizes with the calcium channel polycystin-2 (PC2) in primary cilia...
Authors: Xiao Z, Zhang S, Magenheimer BS, Luo J, Quarles LD

A cAMP-dependent, protein kinase A-independent signaling pathway mediating neuritogenesis through Egr1 in PC12 cells

The neurotrophic peptide PACAP (pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide) elevates cAMP in PC12 cells. Forskolin and dibutyryl cAMP mimic PACAP's neuritogenic and cell morphological effects, suggesting that they are driven by cAMP....
Authors: Ravni A, Vaudry D, Gerdin MJ, Eiden MV, Falluel-Morel A, Gonzalez B, Vaudry H, Eiden LE

Phospholipase C-gamma-2 and Vav cooperate within signaling microclusters to propagate B cell spreading in response to membrane-bound antigen

B cell receptor (BCR) recognition of membrane-bound antigen initiates a spreading and contraction response, the extent of which is controlled through the formation of signaling-active BCR-antigen microclusters and ultimately affects the outcome of B...
Authors: Weber M, Treanor B, Depoil D, Shinohara H, Harwood NE, Hikida M, Kurosaki T, Batista FD

Adrenomedullin signaling is necessary for murine lymphatic vascular development

The lymphatic vascular system mediates fluid homeostasis, immune defense, and tumor metastasis. Only a handful of genes are known to affect the development of the lymphatic vasculature, and even fewer represent therapeutic targets for lymphatic...
Authors: Fritz-Six KL, Dunworth WP, Li M, Caron KM

Synergistic neuroprotective effects of lithium and valproic acid or other histone deacetylase inhibitors in neurons: roles of glycogen synthase kinase-3 inhibition

Lithium and valproic acid (VPA) are two primary drugs used to treat bipolar mood disorder and have frequently been used in combination to treat bipolar patients resistant to monotherapy with either drug. Lithium, a glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3)...
Authors: Leng Y, Liang MH, Ren M, Marinova Z, Leeds P, Chuang DM

Upregulation of the TLR3 pathway by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus during primary infection

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is associated with several different human malignancies, including Kaposi's sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and multicentric Castleman's disease. KSHV establishes lifelong latency in the host and...
Authors: West J, Damania B

Vascular and inflammatory stresses mediate atherosclerosis via RAGE and its ligands in apoE-/- mice

Endothelial dysfunction is a key triggering event in atherosclerosis. Following the entry of lipoproteins into the vessel wall, their rapid modification results in the generation of advanced glycation endproduct epitopes and subsequent infiltration...
Authors: Harja E, Bu DX, Hudson BI, Chang JS, Shen X, Hallam K, Kalea AZ, Lu Y, Rosario RH, Oruganti S,...
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