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The cyclic adenosine 5' monophosphate response element modulator supresses IL-2 production in stimulated T cells by a chromatin-dependent mechanism

The production of IL-2 is tightly controlled by several transcription factors that bind to the IL-2 promoter. The cAMP response element modulator (CREM) is known to form complexes with CREB and bind to the -180 site of the IL-2 promoter in anergic...
Authors: Tenbrock K, Juang YT, Tolnay M and Tsokos GC

Human mesenchymal stem cells as a gene delivery system to create cardiac pacemakers

We tested the ability of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) to deliver a biological pacemaker to the heart. hMSCs transfected with a cardiac pacemaker gene, mHCN2, by electroporation expressed high levels of Cs+-sensitive current (31.1+/-3.8 pA/pF...
Authors: Potapova I, Plotnikov A, Lu Z, Danilo P Jr, Valiunas V, Qu J, Doronin S, Zuckerman J, Shlapakova IN,...

NF-kappaB regulates the expression of human complement receptor 2 gene

CR2 is a key regulator of the B cell response to Ag. Here we show that NF-kappaB enhances the expression of the human CR2 gene. Promoter truncation, deletion, and mutagenesis studies indicated a functional role for a consensus NF-kappaB promoter...
Authors: Tolnay M, Vereshchagina LA and Tsokos GC

LINGO-1 is a component of the Nogo-66 receptor/p75 signaling complex

Axon regeneration in the adult CNS is prevented by inhibitors in myelin. These inhibitors seem to modulate RhoA activity by binding to a receptor complex comprising a ligand-binding subunit (the Nogo-66 receptor NgR1) and a signal transducing subunit...
Authors: Mi S, Lee X, Shao Z, Thill G, Ji B, Relton J, Levesque M, Allaire N, Perrin S, Sands B, Crowell T,...

Wnt-5a inhibits the canonical Wnt pathway by promoting GSK-3-independent-catenin degradation

Wnts are secreted signaling molecules that can transduce their signals through several different pathways. Wnt-5a is considered a noncanonical Wnt as it does not signal by stabilizing beta-catenin in many biological systems. We have uncovered a new...
Authors: Topol L, Jiang X, Choi H, Garrett-Beal L, Carolan PJ and Yang Y

Ligand-independent redistribution of Fas (CD95) into lipid rafts mediates clonotypic T cell death

Clonotypic elimination of activated T cells through Fas-Fas ligand (CD95-CD95L) interactions is one mechanism of peripheral self-tolerance. T cell receptor (TCR) stimuli trigger FasL synthesis but also sensitize activated T cells to Fas-mediated...
Authors: Muppidi JR and Siegel RM

Rapid and highly efficient gene transfer into natural killer cells by nucleofection

Natural killer (NK) cells are important mediators of virus- and tumor-specific immune responses. The transfection of genes into NK cells has been proven difficult and so far requires infection with virus-based vectors. Here, the application of a...
Authors: Trompeter HI, Weinhold S, Thiel C, Wernet P and Uhrberg M

Amyloid precursor protein mediates proinflammatory activation of monocytic lineage cells

Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by extracellular deposition of beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide containing neuritic plaques. Abeta peptides are proteolytically derived from the membrane-bound amyloid...
Authors: Sondag CM and Combs CK

Production of PtdIns(5)P by the phosphoinositide 3-phosphatase myotubularin in mammalian cells

MTM1, the gene encoding myotubularin (MTM1), is mutated in the X-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM), a severe genetic muscular disorder. MTM1 is a phosphoinositide phosphatase hydrolyzing phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns(3)P) in yeast and in...
Authors: Tronchere H, Laporte J, Pendaries C, Chaussade C, Liaubet L, Pirola L, Mandel JL and Payrastre B

FAS (CD95) mutations are rare in gastric MALT lymphoma but occur more frequently in primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

A loss of FAS (CD95) function has been proposed to constitute an important step in early mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma development and FAS mutations have been recognized in malignant lymphomas, in particular at extranodal sites....
Authors: Wohlfart S, Sebinger D, Gruber P, Buch J, Polgar D, Krupitza G, Rosner M, Hengstschlager M, Raderer...
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