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4665 results sorted by

Targeted wild-type and jerker espins reveal a novel, WH2-domain-dependent way to make actin bundles in cells

The espin actin-bundling proteins, which are the target of deafness mutations, are present in the parallel actin bundles of stereocilia and microvilli and appear to increase their steady-state length. Here, we report a new activity of the espins, one...
Authors: Loomis PA, Kelly AE, Zheng L, Changyaleket B, Sekerkova G, Mugnaini E, Ferreira A, Mullins RD,...

Anti-MCP-1 Gene Therapy Inhibits Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Proliferation and Attenuates Vein Graft Thickening Both In Vitro and In Vivo

OBJECTIVE: Because late vein graft failure is caused by intimal hyperplasia (IH) and accelerated atherosclerosis, and these processes are thought to be inflammation driven, influx of monocytes is one of the first phenomena seen in IH, we would like...
Authors: Schepers A, Eefting D, Bonta PI, Grimbergen JM, de Vries MR, van Weel V, de Vries CJ, Egashira K,...

Coordination of NF-B and NFAT Antagonism by the Forkhead Transcription Factor Foxd1

Forkhead transcription factors play critical roles in the maintenance of immune homeostasis. In this study, we demonstrate that this regulation most likely involves intricate interactions between the forkhead family members and inflammatory...
Authors: Lin L, Peng SL

MITF Interactions with 14-3-3 Modulate Differentiation of Committed Myeloid Precursors

The microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) is required for terminal osteoclast differentiation and is a target for signaling pathways engaged by colony stimulating factor (CSF)-1 and receptor-activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand...
Authors: Bronisz A, Sharma SM, Hu R, Godlewski J, Tzivion G, Mansky KC, Ostrowski MC

BCR/ABL Oncogene Directly Controls MHC Class I Chain-Related Molecule A Expression in Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

MHC class I chain-related molecules (MIC) participate in immune surveillance of cancer through engagement of the NKG2D-activating receptor on NK and T cells. Decreased NKG2D expression and function upon chronic exposure to NKG2D ligands and/or...
Authors: Boissel N, Rea D, Tieng V, Dulphy N, Brun M, Cayuela JM, Rousselot P, Tamouza R, Le Bouteiller P,...

Clathrin adaptor AP2 regulates thrombin receptor constitutive internalization and endothelial cell resensitization

Protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1), a G protein-coupled receptor for the coagulant protease thrombin, is irreversibly activated by proteolysis. Unactivated PAR1 cycles constitutively between the plasma membrane and intracellular stores, thereby...
Authors: Paing MM, Johnston CA, Siderovski DP, Trejo J

Elevated cysteine-rich 61 mediates aberrant collagen homeostasis in chronologically aged and photoaged human skin

Alterations of human skin connective tissue structure and function are prominent features of chronological aging and solar UV irradiation-induced premature aging (photoaging). These skin connective tissue abnormalities result, in part, from reduced...
Authors: Quan T, He T, Shao Y, Lin L, Kang S, Voorhees JJ, Fisher GJ

N-Terminal Proteolysis of the Endothelin B Receptor Abolishes Its Ability to Induce EGF Receptor Transactivation and Contractile Protein Expression in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

OBJECTIVE: The extracellular N terminus of the endothelin B (ETB) receptor is cleaved by a metalloprotease in an agonist-dependent manner, but the physiological role of this N-terminal proteolysis is not known. In this study, we aimed to determine...
Authors: Grantcharova E, Reusch HP, Grossmann S, Eichhorst J, Krell HW, Beyermann M, Rosenthal W, Oksche A

Ets-1-dependent expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors is activated by latency-associated nuclear antigen of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus through interaction with Daxx

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors are highly expressed in Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) lesion and play a key role in angiogenesis. Latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA) of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV8) has...
Authors: Murakami Y, Yamagoe S, Noguchi K, Takebe Y, Takahashi N, Uehara Y, Fukazawa H

Different roles for the TOS and RAIP motifs of the translational regulator protein 4E-BP1 in the association with raptor and phosphorylation by mTOR in the regulation of cell size

The translational regulator protein 4E-BP1, that binds to eukaryotic initiation factor-4E (eIF4E) to prevent the formation of the active translation complex, dissociates from eIF4E by phosphorylation through the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)...
Authors: Eguchi S, Tokunaga C, Hidayat S, Oshiro N, Yoshino K, Kikkawa U, Yonezawa K
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