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4785 results sorted by

EMT inducers catalyze malignant transformation of mammary epithelial cells and drive tumorigenesis towards claudin-low tumors in transgenic mice

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an embryonic transdifferentiation process consisting of conversion of polarized epithelial cells to motile mesenchymal ones. EMT-inducing transcription factors are aberrantly expressed in multiple tumor...
Authors: Morel AP1, Hinkal GW, Thomas C, Fauvet F, Courtois-Cox S, Wierinckx A, Devouassoux-Shisheboran M,...

Pleurocidin-family cationic antimicrobial peptides mediate lysis of multiple myeloma cells and impair the growth of multiple myeloma xenografts.

Multiple myeloma is a common hematological malignancy that urgently requires new approaches to treatment, since the disease is not curable using current chemotherapeutic regimens. The aim of this study was to determine whether human and mouse...
Authors: Hilchie AL1, Conrad DM, Coombs MR, Zemlak T, Doucette CD, Liwski RS, Hoskin DW.

Subretinal implantation of retinal pigment epithelial cells derived from human embryonic stem cells: improved survival when implanted as a monolayer.

PURPOSE: To evaluate cell survival and tumorigenicity of human embryonic stem cell-derived retinal pigment epithelium (hESC-RPE) transplantation in immunocompromised nude rats. Cells were transplanted as a cell suspension (CS) or as a polarized...
Authors: Diniz B1, Thomas P, Thomas B, Ribeiro R, Hu Y, Brant R, Ahuja A, Zhu D, Liu L, Koss M, Maia M,...

A structure-activity relationship study of the antimalarial and antileishmanial activities of nonpeptide macrocyclic histone deacetylase inhibitors.

Inhibition of Histone Deacetylases inhibitors (HDACi) hold great promise in cancer therapy due to their demonstrated ability to arrest proliferation of nearly all transformed cell types. Of the several structurally distinct small molecules HDACi...
Authors: Guerrant W1, Mwakwari SC, Chen PC, Khan SI, Tekwani BL, Oyelere AK.

Transgene-free iPSCs generated from small volume peripheral blood nonmobilized CD34+ cells.

A variety of somatic cells can be reprogrammed to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), but CD34(+) hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) present in nonmobilized peripheral blood (PB) would be a convenient target. We report a method for deriving iPSC...
Authors: Merling RK1, Sweeney CL, Choi U, De Ravin SS, Myers TG, Otaizo-Carrasquero F, Pan J, Linton G, Chen...

Resveratrol suppresses growth of cancer stem-like cells by inhibiting fatty acid synthase.

Resveratrol is a natural polyphenolic compound and has been shown to exhibit cardio-protective as well as anti-neoplastic effects on various types of cancers. However, the exact mechanism of its anti-tumor effect is not clearly defined. Resveratrol...
Authors: Pandey PR1, Okuda H, Watabe M, Pai SK, Liu W, Kobayashi A, Xing F, Fukuda K, Hirota S, Sugai T,...

Dichotomy effects of Akt signaling in breast cancer

BACKGROUND: The oncogenic roles contributed by the Akt/PKB kinase family remain controversial and presumably depend on cell context, but are perceived to be modulated by an interplay and net balance between various isoforms. This study is intended...
Authors: Peng Z1, Weber JC, Han Z, Shen R, Zhou W, Scott JR, Chan MW, Lin HJ.

Differential effects of rapamycin and retinoic acid on expansion, stability and suppressive qualities of human CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) T regulatory cell subpopulations.

Adoptive transfer of ex vivo expanded CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells is a successful therapy for autoimmune diseases and transplant rejection in experimental models. In man, equivalent manipulations in bone marrow transplant recipients...
Authors: Scottà C1, Esposito M, Fazekasova H, Fanelli G, Edozie FC, Ali N, Xiao F, Peakman M, Afzali B, Sagoo...

Human Platelet Lysates Successfully Replace Fetal Bovine Serum in Adipose-Derived Adult Stem Cell Culture

Fetal bovine serum (FBS) is still the gold standard as a cell culture medium additive due to its high level of growth stimulatory factors. Although supplementation of growth media with FBS is common practice in cell and tissue culture, FBS bears a...
Authors: Rauch C, Wechselberger J, Feifel E, Gstraunthaler G
SST Peer Reviewed

Effects of sulforaphane and 3,3\\\'-diindolylmethane on genome-wide promoter methylation in normal prostate epithelial cells and prostate cancer cells.

Epigenetic changes, including aberrant DNA methylation, result in altered gene expression and play an important role in carcinogenesis. Phytochemicals such as sulforaphane (SFN) and 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) are promising chemopreventive agents for...
Authors: Wong CP1, Hsu A1, Buchanan A2, Palomera-Sanchez Z1, Beaver LM1, Houseman EA2, Williams DE3, Dashwood...
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