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NGF-induced axon growth is mediated by localized inactivation of GSK-3beta and functions of the microtubule plus end binding protein APC

Little is known about how nerve growth factor (NGF) signaling controls the regulated assembly of microtubules that underlies axon growth. Here we demonstrate that a tightly regulated and localized activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) at...
Authors: Zhou FQ, Zhou J, Dedhar S, Wu YH and Snider WD

Phosphorylation of C/EBPalpha inhibits granulopoiesis

CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) is one of the key transcription factors that mediate lineage specification and differentiation of multipotent myeloid progenitors into mature granulocytes. Although C/EBPalpha is known to induce...
Authors: Ross SE, Radomska HS, Wu B, Zhang P, Winnay JN, Bajnok L, Wright WS, Schaufele F, Tenen DG and...

HDAC6 deacetylase activity links the tubulin cytoskeleton with immune synapse organization

We investigated the role of acetylated microtubules in the antigen-specific interaction of T helper and antigen-presenting cells (APCs). In T cells, acetylated microtubules concentrated at contact site with APCs, surrounding clusters of CD3 and...
Authors: Serrador JM, Cabrero JR, Sancho D, Mittelbrunn M, Urzainqui A and Sanchez-Madrid F

Nurr1-RXR heterodimers mediate RXR ligand-induced signaling in neuronal cells

The retinoid X receptor (RXR) is essential as a common heterodimerization partner of several nuclear receptors (NRs). However, its function as a bona fide receptor for endogenous ligands has remained poorly understood. Such a role would depend on the...
Authors: Wallen-Mackenzie A, De Urquiza AM, Petersson S, Rodriguez FJ, Friling S, Wagner J, Ordentlich P,...

Membrane glucocorticoid receptors (mGCR) are expressed in normal human peripheral blood monunuclear cells and up-regulated after in vitro stimulation and in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Glucocorticoids mediate their therapeutic actions mostly by genomic effects via cytosolic receptors, but some effects are too rapid to be mediated by changes at the genomic level. The detailed mechanisms of these nongenomic actions are still unclear....
Authors: Bartholome B, Spies CM, Gaber T, Schuchmann S, Berki T, Kunkel D, Bienert M, Radbruch A, Burmester...

Munc13-4 is essential for cytolytic granules fusion and is mutated in a form of familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL3)

Secretion of cytolytic granules content at the immunological synapse is a highly regulated process essential for lymphocyte cytotoxicity. This process requires the rapid transfer of perforin containing lytic granules to the target cell interface,...
Authors: Feldmann J, Callebaut I, Raposo G, Certain S, Bacq D, Dumont C, Lambert N, Ouachee-Chardin M,...

Laforin, the dual-phosphatase responsible for Lafora disease, interacts with R5 (PTG), a regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase-1 that enhances glycogen accumulation

Laforin, the dual-phosphatase responsible for Lafora disease, interacts with R5 (PTG), a regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase-1 that enhances glycogProgressive myoclonus epilepsy of Lafora type (LD, MIM 254780) is a fatal autosomal recessive...
Authors: Fernandez-Sanchez ME, Criado-Garcia O, Heath KE, Garcia-Fojeda B, Medrano-Fernandez I, Gomez-Garre...

Conversion of Bcl-2 from protector to killer by interaction with nuclear orphan receptor Nur77/TR3

The Bcl-2 family proteins are key regulators of apoptosis in human diseases and cancers. Though known to block apoptosis, Bcl-2 promotes cell death through an undefined mechanism. Here, we show that Bcl-2 interacts with orphan nuclear receptor Nur77...
Authors: Lin B, Kolluri SK, Lin F, Liu W, Han YH, Cao X, Dawson MI, Reed JC and Zhang XK

LIME: A new membrane raft-associated adaptor protein involved in CD4 and CD8 coreceptor signaling

Lymphocyte membrane rafts contain molecules critical for immunoreceptor signaling. Here, we report identification of a new raft-associated adaptor protein LIME (Lck-interacting molecule) expressed predominantly in T lymphocytes. LIME becomes tyrosine...
Authors: Brdickova N, Brdicka T, Angelisova P, Horvath O, Spicka J, Hilgert I, Paces J, Simeoni L, Kliche S,...

A NUDEL-dependent mechanism of neurofilament assembly regulates the integrity of CNS neurons

The cytoskeleton controls the architecture and survival of central nervous system (CNS) neurons by maintaining the stability of axons and dendrites. Although neurofilaments (NFs) constitute the main cytoskeletal network in these structures, the...
Authors: Nguyen MD, Shu T, Sanada K, Lariviere RC, Tseng HC, Park SK, Julien JP and Tsai LH
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