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4670 results sorted by

Protein kinase C delta negatively regulates tyrosine hydroxylase activity and dopamine synthesis by enhancing protein phosphatase-2A activity in dopaminergic neurons

Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme in dopamine synthesis, can be regulated by phosphorylation at multiple serine residues, including serine-40. In the present study, we report a novel interaction between a key member of the novel PKC...
Authors: Zhang D, Kanthasamy A, Yang Y, Anantharam V, Kanthasamy A

CD28 interaction with filamin-A controls lipid raft accumulation at the T-cell immunological synapse

During physiological T-cell stimulation by antigen presenting cells (APCs), a major T-cell membrane rearrangement is known to occur leading to the organization of 'supramolecular activation clusters' at the immunological synapse. A possible role for...
Authors: Tavano R, Contento RL, Baranda SJ, Soligo M, Tuosto L, Manes S, Viola A

Apolipoprotein E Interrupts Interleukin-1 Signaling in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

OBJECTIVES: Apolipoprotein E (apoE) exerts antiatherogenic effects but precise mechanisms remain unclear. We here investigated the effect of apoE on intracellular signaling by interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), a proinflammatory cytokine present in...
Authors: Kawamura A, Baitsch D, Telgmann R, Feuerborn R, Weissen-Plenz G, Hagedorn C, Saku K, Brand-Herrmann...

A critical role for Ebf1 and Ebf2 in the adipogenic transcriptional cascade

The Ebf (O/E) family of helix-loop-helix transcription factors plays a significant role in B lymphocyte and neuronal development. The three primary members of this family, Ebf1, 2, and 3, are all expressed in adipocytes, and Ebf1 promotes...
Authors: Jimenez MA, Akerblad P, Sigvardsson M, Rosen ED

Defective mitochondrial peroxiredoxin-3 results in sensitivity to oxidative stress in Fanconi anemia

Cells from patients with Fanconi anemia (FA), an inherited disorder that includes bone marrow failure and cancer predisposition, have increased sensitivity to oxidative stress through an unknown mechanism. We demonstrate that the FA group G (FANCG)...
Authors: Mukhopadhyay SS, Leung KS, Hicks MJ, Hastings PJ, Youssoufian H, Plon SE

Intracellular signaling required for CCL25-stimulated T cell adhesion mediated by the integrin alpha4beta1

The alpha4beta1 integrin is expressed on thymocytes and mediates cell attachment to its ligands CS-1/fibronectin (CS-1/FN) and VCAM-1 in the thymus. The chemokine CCL25 is highly expressed in the thymus, where it binds to its receptor CCR9 on...
Authors: Parmo-Cabanas M, Garcia-Bernal D, Garcia-Verdugo R, Kremer L, Marquez G, Teixido J

Characterization and Functional Consequences of Underexpression of Clusterin in Rheumatoid Arthritis

We previously compared by microarray analysis gene expression in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) tissues. Among the set of genes identified as a molecular signature of RA, clusterin (clu) was one of the most differentially...
Authors: Devauchelle V, Essabbani A, De Pinieux G, Germain S, Tourneur L, Mistou S, Margottin-Goguet F,...

Akt/Protein kinase B modulates macrophage inflammatory response to francisella infection and confers a survival advantage in mice

The Gram-negative bacterium Francisella novicida infects primarily monocytes/macrophages and is highly virulent in mice. Macrophages respond by producing inflammatory cytokines that confer immunity against the infection. However, the molecular...
Authors: Rajaram MV, Ganesan LP, Parsa KV, Butchar JP, Gunn JS, Tridandapani S

The proline-Rich Akt substrate of 40 kDa (PRAS40) is a physiological substrate of mTOR complex 1

The proline-rich Akt substrate of 40 kilodaltons (PRAS40) was identified as a raptor-binding protein that is phosphorylated directly by mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (mTORC1) but not mTORC2 in vitro, predominantly at PRAS40...
Authors: Oshiro N, Takahashi R, Yoshino KI, Tanimura K, Nakashima A, Eguchi S, Miyamoto T, Hara K, Takehana...

Receptor for Activated C-Kinase 1, a Novel Interaction Partner of Type II Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptor, Regulates Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by selective elevation of pulmonary arterial pressure. The pathological hallmark of PAH is the narrowing of pulmonary arterioles secondary to endothelial cell dysfunction and smooth...
Authors: Zakrzewicz A, Hecker M, Marsh LM, Kwapiszewska G, Nejman B, Long L, Seeger W, Schermuly RT, Morrell...
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