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Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor -Independent Suppression of Androgen Receptor Expression by Troglitazone Mechanism and Pharmacologic Exploitation

Previously, we showed that the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonist troglitazone at high doses was able to suppress androgen receptor (AR) expression in LNCaP prostate cancer cells independently of PPARgamma....
Authors: Yang CC, Wang YC, Wei S, Lin LF, Chen CS, Lee CC, Lin CC, Chen CS

Introns regulate the rate of unstable mRNA decay

The expression of neutrophil-specific chemokines is known to be regulated via adenine-uridine-rich sequence elements in the 3'-untranslated regions of their mRNAs that confer a high degree of mRNA instability. Although the presence of intron...
Authors: Zhao C, Hamilton T

Up-Regulation of Gene Related to Anergy in Lymphocytes Is Associated with Notch-Mediated Human T Cell Suppression

A growing body of literature indicates that the Notch pathway can influence the activation and differentiation of peripheral murine T cells, though comparatively little is known about the effects of Notch signaling in human T cells. In the present...
Authors: Kostianovsky AM, Maier LM, Baecher-Allan C, Anderson AC, Anderson DE

Deficiency in the LIM-only protein Fhl2 impairs skin wound healing

After skin wounding, the repair process is initiated by the release of growth factors, cytokines, and bioactive lipids from injured vessels and coagulated platelets. These signal molecules induce synthesis and deposition of a provisional...
Authors: Wixler V, Hirner S, Muller JM, Gullotti L, Will C, Kirfel J, Gunther T, Schneider H, Bosserhoff A,...

RNAi screen identifies UBE2D3 as a mediator of all-trans retinoic acid-induced cell growth arrest in human acute promyelocytic NB4 cells

All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has been widely used in differentiation therapy for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). ATRA binds to retinoic acid receptor (RAR) and triggers the formation of the transcription coactivator complex, which leads to...
Authors: Hattori H, Zhang X, Jia Y, Subramanian KK, Jo H, Loison F, Newburger PE, Luo HR

Sensitization to TLR7 Agonist in IFN-beta-Preactivated Dendritic Cells

TLRs interact with a growing list of pathogen-derived products and these interactions drive the activation of innate and adaptive immune responses. Dendritic cells (DC) play a key role in these events expressing a heterogeneous repertoire of TLRs. We...
Authors: Severa M, Remoli ME, Giacomini E, Annibali V, Gafa V, Lande R, Tomai M, Salvetti M, Coccia EM

RKIKK Motif in the Intracellular Domain Is Critical for Spatial and Dynamic Organization of ICAM-1: Functional Implication for the Leukocyte Adhesion and Transmigration

No direct evidence has been reported whether the spatial organization of ICAM-1 on the cell surface is linked to its physiological function in terms of leukocyte adhesion and transendothelial migration (TEM). Here we observed that ICAM-1 by itself...
Authors: Oh HM, Lee S, Na BR, Wee H, Kim SH, Choi SC, Lee KM, Jun CD

Induction of Vascular Permeability: betaPIX and GIT1 Scaffold the Activation of Extracellular Signal-regulated Kinase by PAK

Increased permeability of blood vessels is an important component of inflammation, but in some circumstances it contributes to tissue injury and organ failure. Previous work showed that p21-activated kinase (PAK) is a critical regulator of...
Authors: Stockton R, Reutershan J, Scott D, Sanders J, Ley K, Schwartz MA

Perforin activity and immune homeostasis: the common A91V polymorphism in perforin results in both pre- and post-synaptic defects in function

Perforin (PRF), a pore-forming protein expressed in cytotoxic lymphocytes, plays a key role in immune surveillance and immune homeostasis. The A91V substitution has a prevalence of 8-9% in population studies. While this variant has been suspected of...
Authors: Voskoboinik I, Sutton VR, Ciccone A, House C, Chia J, Darcy PK, Yagita H, Trapani JA

The loss of immunodominant epitopes affects interferon-gamma production and lytic activity of the human influenza virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte response in vitro

In the present study, we examined the effect of the loss of the human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-B*3501-restricted nucleoprotein (NP)(418-426) epitope on interferon (IFN)-gamma-production and lytic activity of the human cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)...
Authors: Berkhoff EG, Geelhoed-Mieras MM, Verschuren EJ, van Baalen CA, Gruters RA, Fouchier RA, Osterhaus...
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