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4863 results sorted by

ß2-chimaerin provides a diacylglycerol-dependent mechanism for regulation of adhesion and chemotaxis of T cells

The small GTPase Rac contributes to regulation of cytoskeletal rearrangement during chemokine-induced lymphocyte adhesion and migration in a multi-step process that is very precisely coordinated. Chimaerins are Rac1-specific GTPase-activating...
Authors: Siliceo M, Garcia-Bernal D, Carrasco S, Diaz-Flores E, Leskow FC, Teixido J, Kazanietz MG and Merida...

Silencing of SH-PTP2 defines a crucial role in the inactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor by 5-aminosalicylic acid in colon cancer cells

Recent studies have suggested that 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) inhibits colorectal cancer (CRC) development. However, the mechanism underlying the antineoplastic effect of 5-ASA remains unknown. We here examined the effect of 5-ASA on epidermal...
Authors: Monteleone G, Franchi L, Fina D, Caruso R, Vavassori P, Monteleone I, Calabrese E, Naccari GC,...

Macrophage internalization of fungal beta-glucans is not necessary for initiation of related inflammatory responses

Cell wall beta-glucans are highly conserved structural components of fungi that potently trigger inflammatory responses in an infected host. Identification of molecular mechanisms responsible for internalization and signaling of fungal beta-glucans...
Authors: McCann F, Carmona E, Puri V, Pagano RE and Limper AH

Azathioprine Suppresses Ezrin-Radixin-Moesin-Dependent T Cell-APC Conjugation through Inhibition of Vav Guanosine Exchange Activity on Rac Proteins

We have shown recently that the azathioprine metabolite 6-Thio-GTP causes immunosuppression by blockade of GTPase activation in T lymphocytes. In the present study, we describe a new molecular mechanism by which 6-Thio-GTP blocks GTPase activation....
Authors: Poppe D, Tiede I, Fritz G, Becker C, Bartsch B, Wirtz S, Strand D, Tanaka S, Galle PR, Bustelo XR...

Engineering the Fc region of immunoglobulin G to modulate in vivo antibody levels

We have engineered the Fc region of a human immunoglobulin G (IgG) to generate a mutated antibody that modulates the concentrations of endogenous IgGs in vivo. This has been achieved by targeting the activity of the Fc receptor, FcRn, which serves...
Authors: Vaccaro C, Zhou J, Ober RJ and Ward ES

Listeria monocytogenes Activated p38 MAPK and Induced IL-8 Secretion in a Nucleotide-Binding Oligomerization Domain 1-Dependent Manner in Endothelial Cells

Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (Nod) proteins serve as intracellular pattern recognition molecules recognizing peptidoglycans. To further examine intracellular immune recognition, we used Listeria monocytogenes as an organism particularly...
Authors: Opitz B, Puschel A, Beermann W, Hocke AC, Forster S, Schmeck B, van Laak V, Chakraborty T, Suttorp N...

Functional analysis of SIRP in the growth cone

The signal regulatory protein' SIRPalpha is an Ig superfamily, transmembrane glycoprotein with a pair of cytoplasmic domains that can bind the phosphatase SHP-2 when phosphorylated on tyrosine. SIRPalpha is prominent in growth cones of rat cortical...
Authors: Wang XX and Pfenninger KH

Regulation of p53 Translation and Induction after DNA Damage by Ribosomal Protein L26 and Nucleolin

Increases in p53 protein levels after DNA damage have largely been attributed to an increase in the half-life of p53 protein. Here we demonstrate that increased translation of p53 mRNA is also a critical step in the induction of p53 protein in...
Authors: Takagi M, Absalon MJ, McLure KG and Kastan MB

cIAP2 is a ubiquitin protein ligase for BCL10 and is dysregulated in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas

The pathogenesis of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas is associated with independent chromosomal translocations that lead to the upregulation of either BCL10 or MALT1 or the generation of a fusion protein, cIAP2-MALT1. While both...
Authors: Hu S, Du MQ, Park SM, Alcivar A, Qu L, Gupta S, Tang J, Baens M, Ye H, Lee TH, Marynen P, Riley JL...

Protease-Activated Receptor-2 Is Essential for Factor VIIa and Xa-Induced Signaling, Migration, and Invasion of Breast Cancer Cells

Protease-activated receptors (PAR) are G protein-coupled receptors that function as cell-surface sensors for coagulant proteases, as well as other proteases associated with the tumor microenvironment. PAR1 is activated by thrombin whereas the...
Authors: Morris DR, Ding Y, Ricks TK, Gullapalli A, Wolfe BL and Trejo J
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