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SARA and Hgs attenuate susceptibility to TGF-beta1-mediated T cell supression

Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a pluripotent cytokine that controls peripheral T cell tolerance mainly in mucosal immunity. It is secreted by regulatory T cells (Tr /Th3) but also by other immununologically active cells. Smad anchor...
Authors: Kunzmann S, Wohlfahrt JG, Itoh S, Asao H, Komada M, Akdis CA, Blaser K and Schmidt-Weber CB

ERM proteins regulate cytoskeleton relaxation promoting T cell-APC conjugation

During activation, T cells associate with antigen-presenting cells, a dynamic process that involves the formation of a broad area of intimate membrane contact known as the immunological synapse. The molecular intermediates that link initial antigen...
Authors: Faure S, Salazar-Fontana LI, Semichon M, Tybulewicz VL, Bismuth G, Trautmann A, Germain RN and Delon...

B-Myb-Dependent Regulation of c-Myc Expression by Cytosolic Phospholipase A2

Cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) cleaves membrane phospholipids to release arachidonic acid, initiating lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase pathways. Mice lacking a gene for cPLA(2) suggested important roles of the protein in allergic responses,...
Authors: Tashiro S, Sumi T, Uozumi N, Shimizu T and Nakamura T

IL-10-inducible Bcl-3 negatively regulates LPS-induced TNF-alpha production in macrophages

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) plays an important role in prevention of chronic inflammation in vivo. However, the molecular mechanism by which IL-10 exerts its anti-inflammatory response is poorly understood. Here, we performed a microarray analysis and...
Authors: Kuwata H, Watanabe Y, Miyoshi H, Yamamoto M, Kaisho T, Takeda K and Akira S

The Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV-8) K1 protein induces expression of angiogenic and invasion factors

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV-8) has been linked to Kaposi's sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and multicentric Castleman's disease. In addition to endothelial cells and B lymphocytes, KSHV also has been shown to infect...
Authors: Wang L, Wakisaka N, Tomlinson CC, DeWire SM, Krall S, Pagano JS and Damania B

Src and Cas are essentially but differentially involved in angiotensin II-stimulated migration of vascular smooth muscle cells via extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase activation

Angiotensin II (Ang II) plays an important role in several cardiovascular diseases associated with vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth and migration. Src activity is known to be required for the migration of a number of cell types. p130Cas was...
Authors: Kyaw M, Yoshizumi M, Tsuchiya K, Kagami S, Izawa Y, Fujita Y, Ali N, Kanematsu Y, Toida K, Ishimura...

Nucleoporation of dendritic cells: efficient gene transfer by electroporation into human monocyte-derived dendritic cells

Dendritic cells (DCs) are ideal accessory cells in the developing field of gene therapy. Although viral transfection of DCs has become widespread, non-viral transfection of DCs has shown disappointing results. Recently, a new technique for...
Authors: Lenz P, Bacot SM, Frazier-Jessen MR and Feldman GM

Human mesenchymal stem cells as a gene delivery system to create cardiac pacemakers

We tested the ability of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) to deliver a biological pacemaker to the heart. hMSCs transfected with a cardiac pacemaker gene, mHCN2, by electroporation expressed high levels of Cs+-sensitive current (31.1+/-3.8 pA/pF...
Authors: Potapova I, Plotnikov A, Lu Z, Danilo P Jr, Valiunas V, Qu J, Doronin S, Zuckerman J, Shlapakova IN,...

Proteasome inhibition results in TRAIL sensitization of primary keratinocytes by removing the restistance-mediating block of effector caspase maturation

Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) exerts potent cytotoxic activity against transformed keratinocytes, whereas primary keratinocytes are relatively resistant. In several cell types, inhibition of the proteasome sensitizes...
Authors: Leverkus M, Sprick MR, Wachter T, Mengling T, Baumann B, Serfling E, Brocker EB, Goebeler M, Neumann...

LINGO-1 is a component of the Nogo-66 receptor/p75 signaling complex

Axon regeneration in the adult CNS is prevented by inhibitors in myelin. These inhibitors seem to modulate RhoA activity by binding to a receptor complex comprising a ligand-binding subunit (the Nogo-66 receptor NgR1) and a signal transducing subunit...
Authors: Mi S, Lee X, Shao Z, Thill G, Ji B, Relton J, Levesque M, Allaire N, Perrin S, Sands B, Crowell T,...
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