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Supression of endothelial adhesion molecule up-regulation with cyclopentenone prostaglandins is dissociated from IkappaB kinase inhibition and cell death induction

The cyclopentenone prostaglandins (cPG) 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (dPGJ2) and PGA1 can inhibit multiple steps in nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB signaling and can induce cell death. Here we characterized the effects of dPGJ2 and PGA1 on the...
Authors: Zernecke A, Erl W, Fraemohs L, Lietz M and Weber C

The steroidal analog GW707 activates the SREBP pathway through disruption of intracellular cholesterol trafficking

Recently, a new class of lipid-lowering agents has been described that upregulate LDL receptor (LDLr) activity. These agents are proposed to activate sterol-regulated gene expression through binding to the sterol regulatory element binding protein...
Authors: Zhang J, Dudley-Rucker N, Crowley JR, Lopez-Perez E, Issandou M, Schaffer JE and Ory DS

Functional and biochemical dissection of the structure-specific nuclease ARTEMIS

During V(D)J recombination, the RAG1 and RAG2 proteins form a complex and initiate the process of rearrangement by cleaving between the coding and signal segments and generating hairpins at the coding ends. Prior to ligation of the coding ends by DNA...
Authors: Pannicke U, Ma Y, Hopfner KP, Niewolik D, Lieber MR, Schwarz K

Apolopoprotein E binding to low density lipoprotein receptor related protein-1 inhibits cell migration via activation of cyclic 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate-dependend protein kinase A

Smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation contribute to neointimal hyperplasia and vascular stenosis after endothelial denudation. Previous studies revealed that apolipoprotein E (apoE) is an effective inhibitor of platelet-derived growth...
Authors: Zhu Y and Hui DY

The negative role of cyclin G in ATM-dependent p53 activation

Cyclin G is one of the earliest p53 target genes to be identified, but its function in the p53 pathway has been elusive. Although the precise mechanisms of cyclin G in this novel network have not been explored, recent studies have demonstrated that...
Authors: Ohtsuka T, Jensen MR, Kim HG, Kim KT and Lee SW

A tetraspanin-family protein, T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia-associated antigen 1, is induced by the Ewing's Sarcoma-Wilms' tumor 1 fusion protein of desmoplastic small round-cell tumor

Recurrent chromosomal translocations in neoplasms often generate hybrid genes that play critical roles in tumorigenesis. Desmoplastic small round-cell tumor (DSRCT) is an aggressive malignancy associated with the chromosomal translocation...
Authors: Ito E, Honma R, Imai J, Azuma S, Kanno T, Mori S, Yoshie O, Nisho J, Iwasaki H, Yoshida K, Gohda J,...

Identification of PDZK4, a novel human gene with PDZ domains, that is upregulated in synovial sarcomas

In an earlier study designed to investigate molecular mechanisms of carcinogenesis in synovial sarcomas (SSs), we applied a cDNA microarray to detect human genes with significantly increased expression in SS cells. Among the genes selected in this...
Authors: Nagayama S, Iiizumi M, Katagiri T, Toguchida J and Nakamura Y

A Salmonella protein causes macrophage cell death by inducing autophagy

Salmonella enterica, the causative agent of food poisoning and typhoid fever, induces programmed cell death in macrophages, a process found to be dependent on a type III protein secretion system, and SipB, a protein with membrane fusion activity that...
Authors: Hernandez LD, Pypaert M, Flavell RA and Galan JE

SMYD3 encodes a histone methyltransferase involved in the proliferation of cancer cells

Colorectal and hepatocellular carcinomas are some of the leading causes of cancer deaths worldwide, but the mechanisms that underly these malignancies are not fully understood. Here we report the identification of SMYD3, a gene that is over-expressed...
Authors: Hamamoto R, Furukawa Y, Morita M, Iimura Y, Silva FP, Li M, Yagyu R and Nakamura Y

LPP, a LIM protein highly expressed in smooth muscle

An 80-kDa protein, prominently expressed in smooth muscle, was microsequenced and identified as LPP, the product of the lipoma-preferred partner gene (Petit MMR, Mols R, Schoenmakers EFPM, Mandahl N, and Van de Ven WJM. Genomics 36: 118-129, 1996)....
Authors: Gorenne I, Nakamoto RK, Phelps CP, Beckerle MC, Somlyo AV and Somlyo AP