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4853 results sorted by

Serial analysis of chromatin occupancy identifies beta-catenin target genes in colorectal carcinoma cells

Most instances of colorectal cancer are due to abnormalities in the Wnt signaling pathway, resulting in nuclear accumulation of beta-catenin. beta-Catenin activates transcription of target genes primarily by associating with the T cell...
Authors: Yochum GS, McWeeney S, Rajaraman V, Cleland R, Peters S, Goodman RH

Elevated Expression of the Oncogene c-fms and Its Ligand, the Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor-1, in Cervical Cancer and the Role of Transforming Growth Factor-1 in Inducing c-fms Expression

Cervical cancer is the third most common gynecologic cancer in the United States. The presence and possible involvement of several cytokines have been studied in cervical cancer; however, very little data, if any, are available on whether cervical...
Authors: Kirma N, Hammes LS, Liu YG, Nair HB, Valente PT, Kumar S, Flowers LC, Tekmal RR

Neural expression of G protein-coupled receptors GPR3, GPR6, and GPR12 upregulates cyclic AMP levels and promotes neurite outgrowth

Cyclic AMP regulates multiple neuronal functions, including neurite outgrowth and axonal regeneration. GPR3, GPR6, and GPR12 make up a family of constitutively active G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that share greater than 50% identity and 65%...
Authors: Tanaka S, Ishii K, Kasai K, Yoon SO, Saeki Y

Identification, activation, and selective in vivo ablation of mouse NK cells via NKp46

Natural killer (NK) cells contribute to a variety of innate immune responses to viruses, tumors and allogeneic cells. However, our understanding of NK cell biology is severely limited by the lack of consensus phenotypic definition of these cells...
Authors: Walzer T, Blery M, Chaix J, Fuseri N, Chasson L, Robbins SH, Jaeger S, Andre P, Gauthier L, Daniel...

Luteolin inhibits insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor signaling in prostate cancer cells

Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) activation is required for prostate cell proliferation. Prostate cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignant tumors in Western countries. Overexpression of IGF-1R in prostate cancer is...
Authors: Fang J, Zhou Q, Shi XL, Jiang BH

Caveolin-1 triggers T-cell activation via CD26 in association with CARMA1

CD26 is a widely distributed 110-kDa cell surface glycoprotein with an important role in T-cell costimulation. We demonstrated previously that CD26 binds to caveolin-1 in antigen-presenting cells, and following exogenous CD26 stimulation, Tollip and...
Authors: Ohnuma K, Uchiyama M, Yamochi T, Nishibashi K, Hosono O, Takahashi N, Kina S, Tanaka H, Lin X, Dang...

Fibroblast activation protein increases apoptosis, cell adhesion, and migration by the LX-2 human stellate cell line

Injury and repair in chronic liver disease involve cell adhesion, migration, apoptosis, proliferation, and a wound healing response. In liver, fibroblast activation protein (FAP) has both collagenase and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPIV) activities and...
Authors: Wang XM, Yu DM, McCaughan GW, Gorrell MD

Dehydroascorbate transport in human chondrocytes is regulated by hypoxia and is a physiologically relevant source of ascorbic acid in the joint

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dehydroascorbate (DHA) transport mechanisms in human chondrocytes. METHODS: The transport of L-(14)C-DHA in human chondrocytes was analyzed under various conditions, including the use of RNA interference (RNAi), to...
Authors: McNulty AL, Stabler TV, Vail TP, McDaniel GE, Kraus VB

Receptor-mediated endocytosis is not required for TRAIL-induced apoptosis

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is selectively toxic to tumor compared with normal cells. Other members of the TNF family of death ligands (TNF, CD95L) engage their respective receptors (TNF-R1 and CD95),...
Authors: Kohlhaas SL, Craxton A, Sun XM, Pinkoski MJ, Cohen GM

Bcl10 Controls TCR- and FcR-Induced Actin Polymerization

Bcl10 plays an essential role in the adaptive immune response, because Bcl10-deficient lymphocytes show impaired Ag receptor-induced NF-kappaB activation and cytokine production. Bcl10 is a phosphoprotein, but the physiological relevance of this...
Authors: Rueda D, Gaide O, Ho L, Lewkowicz E, Niedergang F, Hailfinger S, Rebeaud F, Guzzardi M, Conne B,...
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