Virally mediated MafB transduction induces the monocyte commitment of human CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells

Authors:
Gemelli C, Montanari M, Tenedini E, Zanocco Marani T, Vignudelli T, Siena M, Zini R, Salati S, Tagliafico E, Manfredini R, Grande A, Ferrari S
In:
Source: Cell Death Differ
Publication Date: (2006)
Issue: 13(10): 1686-96
Research Area:
Immunotherapy / Hematology
Cells used in publication:
CD34+ cell, human
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Platform:
Nucleofectorâ„¢ I/II/2b
Abstract
Upregulation of specific transcription factors is a generally accepted mechanism to explain the commitment of hematopoietic stem cells along precise maturation lineages. Based on this premise, transduction of primary hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells with viral vectors containing the investigated transcription factors appears as a suitable experimental model to identify such regulators. Although MafB transcription factor is believed to play a role in the regulation of monocytic commitment, no demonstration is, to date, available supporting this function in normal human hematopoiesis. To address this issue, we retrovirally transduced cord blood CD34+ hematopoietic progenitors with a MafB cDNA. Immunophenotypic and morphological analysis of transduced cells demonstrated the induction of a remarkable monomacrophage differentiation. Microarray analysis confirmed these findings and disclosed the upregulation of macrophage-related transcription factors belonging to the AP-1, MAF, PPAR and MiT families. Altogether our data allow to conclude that MafB is a key regulator of human monocytopoiesis.