Brain microvascular endothelial cells resist elongation due to curvature and shear stress

Ye M, Sanchez HM, Hultz M, Yang Z, Bogorad M, Wong AD, Searson PC
Source: Scientific Reports
Publication Date: (2014)
Issue: 4: 4681
Research Area:
Cells used in publication:
Endothelial, umbilical vein, human (HUVEC)
Species: human
Tissue Origin: vein
The highly specialized endothelial cells in brain capillaries are a key component of the blood-brain barrier, forming a network of tight junctions that almost completely block paracellular transport. In contrast to vascular endothelial cells in other organs, we show that brain microvascular endothelial cells resist elongation in response to curvature and shear stress. Since the tight junction network is defined by endothelial cell morphology, these results suggest that there may be an evolutionary advantage to resisting elongation by minimizing the total length of cell-cell junctions per unit length of vessel.