Blockade of Notch ligand d1 promotes allograft survival by inhibiting alloreactive Th1 cells and cytotoxic T cell generation.

Authors:
Riella LV1, Ueno T, Batal I, De Serres SA, Bassil R, Elyaman W, Yagita H, Medina-Pestana JO, Chandraker A, Najafian N.
In:
Source: J Immunol
Publication Date: (2011)
Issue: 187(9): 4629-38
Research Area:
Immunotherapy / Hematology
Basic Research
Culture Media:
Abstract
The Notch signaling pathway has been recently shown to contribute to T cell differentiation in vitro. However, the in vivo function of Notch signaling in transplantation remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the importance of Delta1 in regulating the alloimmune response in vivo. Delta1 expression was upregulated on dendritic cells and monocytes/macrophages upon transplantation in a BALB/c into B6 vascularized cardiac transplant model. Whereas administration of anti-Delta1 mAb only slightly delayed survival of cardiac allografts in this fully MHC-mismatched model, it significantly prolonged graft survival in combination with single-dose CTLA4-Ig or in CD28 knockout recipients. The prolongation of allograft survival was associated with Th2 polarization and a decrease in Th1 and granzyme B-producing cytotoxic T cells. The survival benefit of Delta1 blockade was abrogated after IL-4 neutralization and in STAT6KO recipients, but was maintained in STAT4KO recipients, reinforcing the key role of Th2 cell development in its graft-prolonging effects. To our knowledge, these data demonstrate for the first time an important role of Delta1 in alloimmunity, identifying Delta1 ligand as a potential novel target for immunomodulation in transplantation.