Inhibition of endothelial cell migration by thrombospondin-1 type-1 repeats is mediated by 1 integrins

Authors:
Short SM, Derrien A, Narsimhan RP, Lawler J, Ingber DE and Zetter BR
In:
Source: J Cell Biol
Publication Date: (2005)
Issue: 168(4): 643-653
Research Area:
Cancer Research/Cell Biology
Cells used in publication:
Endothelial, umbilical vein, human (HUVEC)
Species: human
Tissue Origin: vein
Platform:
Nucleofectorâ„¢ I/II/2b
Abstract
The anti-angiogenic effect of thrombospondin-1 has been shown to be mediated through binding of the type-1 repeat (TSR) domain to the CD36 transmembrane receptor. We now report that the TSR domain can inhibit VEGF-induced migration in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), cells that lack CD36. Moreover, we identified beta(1) integrins as a critical receptor in TSR-mediated inhibition of migration in HUVEC. Using pharmacological inhibitors of downstream VEGF receptor effectors, we found that phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3k) was essential for TSR-mediated inhibition of HUVEC migration, but that neither PLCgamma nor Akt was necessary for this response. Furthermore, beta(1) integrins were critical for TSR-mediated inhibition of microvascular endothelial cells, cells that express CD36. Together, our results indicate that beta(1) integrins mediate the anti-migratory effects of TSR through a PI3k-dependent mechanism.