Protein histidine phosphatase 1 negatively regulates CD4 T cells by inhibiting the K+ channel KCa3.1

Srivastava S, Zhdanova O, Di L, Li Z, Albaqumi M, Wulff H, Skolnik EY
Source: Proc Natl Acad Sci USA
Publication Date: (2008)
Issue: 105(38): 14442-6
Research Area:
Immunotherapy / Hematology
Cells used in publication:
T cell, human peripheral blood unstim.
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
The calcium activated K(+) channel KCa3.1 plays an important role in T lymphocyte Ca(2+) signaling by helping to maintain a negative membrane potential, which provides an electrochemical gradient to drive Ca(2+) influx. We previously showed that nucleoside diphosphate kinase beta (NDPK-B), a mammalian histidine kinase, is required for KCa3.1 channel activation in human CD4 T lymphocytes. We now show that the mammalian protein histidine phosphatase (PHPT-1) directly binds and inhibits KCa3.1 by dephosphorylating histidine 358 on KCa3.1. Overexpression of wild-type, but not a phosphatase dead, PHPT-1 inhibited KCa3.1 channel activity. Decreased expression of PHPT-1 by siRNA in human CD4 T cells resulted in an increase in KCa3.1 channel activity and increased Ca(2+) influx and proliferation after T cell receptor (TCR) activation, indicating that endogenous PHPT-1 functions to negatively regulate CD4 T cells. Our findings provide a previously unrecognized example of a mammalian histidine phosphatase negatively regulating TCR signaling and are one of the few examples of histidine phosphorylation/dephosphorylation influencing a biological process in mammals.