The PCH Family Member Proline-Serine-Threonine Phosphatase-interacting Protein 1 Targets to the Leukocyte Uropod and Regulates Directed Cell Migration

Cooper KM, Bennin DA, Huttenlocher A
Source: Mol Biol Cell
Publication Date: (2008)
Issue: 19(8): 3180-91
Research Area:
Cancer Research/Cell Biology
Cells used in publication:
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
PCH family members have emerged as important regulators of membrane-cytoskeletal interactions. Here we show that PSTPIP1, a PCH family member expressed in hematopoietic cells, regulates the motility of neutrophil-like cells and is a novel component of the leukocyte uropod where it colocalizes with other uropod components, such as type I PIPKIgamma. Furthermore, we show that PSTPIP1 associates with the regulator of endocytosis, dynamin 2, and PSTPIP1 expression impairs transferrin uptake and endocytosis. We also show that PSTPIP1 localizes at the rear of neutrophils with a subpopulation of F-actin that is specifically detected by the binding of an F-actin probe that detects a more stable population of actin. Finally, we show that actin polymerization, but not the microtubule network, is necessary for the polarized distribution of PSTPIP1 toward the rear of the cell. Together, our findings demonstrate that PSTPIP1 is a novel component of the leukocyte uropod that regulates endocytosis and cell migration.