Role of the scaffold protein RACK1 in apical expression of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR)

Auerbach M, Liedtke CM
Source: Am J Physiol Cell Physiol
Publication Date: (2007)
Issue: 293(1): C294-304
Research Area:
Cancer Research/Cell Biology
Cells used in publication:
Species: human
Tissue Origin: lung
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
Previous studies from this laboratory demonstrated a role for protein kinase C (PKC)epsilon in the regulation of cAMP-dependent cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) Cl channel function via binding of PKCepsilon to RACK1, a receptor for activated C kinase, and of RACK1 to human Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF1). In the present study, we investigated the role of RACK1 in regulating CFTR function in a Calu-3 airway epithelial cell line. Confocal microscopy and biotinylation of apical surface proteins demonstrate apical localization of RACK1 independent of actin. Mass spectrometric analysis of NHERF1 revealed copurification of tubulin, which, in in vitro binding assays, selectively binds to NHERF1, but not RACK1, via a PDZ1 domain. In binding and pulldown assays, we show direct binding of a PDZ2 domain to NHERF1, pulldown of endogenous NHERF1 by a PDZ2 domain, and inhibition of NHERF1-tubulin binding by a PDZ1 domain. Downregulation of RACK1 using double-stranded silencing RNA reduced the amount of RACK1 by 77.5% and apical expression of biotinylated CFTR by 87.4%. Expression of CFTR, NHERF1, and actin were not altered by treatment with siRACK1 or by nontargeting control silencing RNA, which, in addition, did not affect RACK1 expression. On the basis of these results, we model a RACK1 proteome consisting of PKCepsilon-RACK1-NHERF1-NHERF1-tubulin with a role in stable expression of CFTR in the apical plasma membrane of epithelial cells.