Class IA Phosphatidylinositide 3-Kinases, rather than p110, Regulate Formyl-Methionyl-Leucyl-Phenylalanine-Stimulated Chemotaxis and Superoxide Production in Differentiated Neutrophil-Like PLB-985 Cells

Boulven I, Levasseur S, Marois S, Pare G, Rollet-Labelle E, Naccache PH
Source: J Immunol
Publication Date: (2006)
Issue: 176(12): 7621-7627
Research Area:
Immunotherapy / Hematology
Cells used in publication:
Species: human
Tissue Origin: blood
Nucleofector® I/II/2b
Class I PI3Ks, through the formation of phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PI(3,4,5)P(3)), are thought of as essential elements of the neutrophil response to chemotactic factors. Moreover, the recent development of PI3K-deficient mice and isoform-specific inhibitors enabled examinations of the contribution of the distinct PI3K isoforms in neutrophil activation. However, the results of these various studies are conflicting, and the exact role of the different PI3K isoforms is not yet clearly established, particularly in human cells. In the present study, we used a different approach to assess the role of the distinct PI3K isoforms in response to the chemotactic agent fMLP. We inhibited PI3K activities by the transient expression following nucleofection of dominant negative mutants of either p85alpha or p110gamma in the human myeloid cell line PLB-985, which can be induced to express a neutrophil-like phenotype. The data obtained with this approach showed that the production of PI(3,4,5)P(3) triggered by fMLP is biphasic, with a peak of production observed in a short time period that entirely depends on p110gamma activity, and a delayed phase that is mediated by class I(A) PI3K. We also provide evidence that the PI3K-dependent functional responses (i.e., superoxide production and chemotaxis) induced by the chemotactic factor mainly involve PI3K I(A) and, by implication, the delayed phase of PI(3,4,5)P(3) production, whereas p110gamma and the early peak of PI(3,4,5)P(3) do not play major roles in the initiation or the control of these responses.