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I have been having trouble with "clumping" with my PC12 cells. Do you have any recommendations?

Yes. As PC12 cells often tend to clump we recommend resuspending these cells as thoroughly as possible with a sterile 1mL pipette tip or transfer pipette from your Nucleofector™ kit. This circumvents potential fusion of cells due to the...

Is the age of the mice important for my mouse T cell Nucleofection?

Yes. We recommend using mice between 6-12 weeks. Using mouse T cells isolated from younger or older animals for Nucleofection™ may result in much lower transfection efficiencies and/or viabilities.

Does the recovery medium contained in the Mouse T Cell Nucleofector Kits contain any immunogenic substances?

No. The post Nucleofection™ Recovery media contains no immunogenic factors and should not influence cell stimulation or differentiation. For Mouse T cells, some experiments have shown that after Nucleofection™ cells can be stimulated efficiently in...

I see activation of my monocytes (or macrophages or DCs) following Nucleofection. Why is this? What can I do to address this problem?

We have examined the effects of Nucleofection™ (without DNA) on these cells and have not observed significant activation. This indicates that neither the Nucleofector™ Solution, the nucleofector™ Program nor the recovery medium are sufficient for...

What is a Neural Stem Cell (NSC)?

Neural stem cells are adult stem cells but you also find them in embryos (already in "adult" differentiation status) and they have the potential to develop into neurons and glial cells. We recommend isolating them from rat and mouse embryos because...

I observed high mortality rates in mES cells after Nucleofection with a Cre recombinase expression vector. How can I increase the viability?

The High mortality after transfection might be due to the Cre recombinase itself, because the mammalian genome contains pseudo loxP sites (Thyagarajan B et al. (2000) Mammalian genomes contain active recombinase recognition sites. Gene....

Can Lonza's antibiotics be used in clinical trials?

No. They are for research purposes only.

Do I need a pure neuronal culture for Nucleofection ?

In principle, it should be absolutely fine to nucleofect pure neuron cultures (e.g. after purification by Ficoll). Glial cells are not necessary for transfection. What one would have to consider for example, is to get the required number of neurons,...

Does your Nucleofector Solutions contain anything that would inhibit attachment of adherent cells?

No. In many cases where decreased attachment is a problem, the cause is inactivated trypsin. Unless the trypsin is inactivated with trypsin inhibitor or media containg BSA or serum, it will continue to degrade the cells and ultimately decrease cell...

What are your recommendations for minimum and maximum cell numbers for Nucleofection?

The recommended cell number will vary depending on which Optimized protocol is being used. In general, using less than 2x10 5 cells per reaction causes a major increase in cell mortality. For some cell lines we have tried cell numbers up to 3x10 7 ....