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Antitumor activity of lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase-beta inhibitors, a novel class of agents, in multiple myeloma

In this study, we examined the effects of isoform-specific functional inhibitors of lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase (LPAAT), which converts lysophosphatidic acid to phosphatidic acid, on multiple myeloma (MM) cell growth and survival. The...
Authors: Hideshima T, Chauhan D, Hayashi T, Podar K, Akiyama M, Mitsiades C, Mitsiades N, Gong B, Bonham L,...

Mammalian Fat1 cadherin regulates actin dynamics and cell-cell contact

Fat cadherins form a distinct subfamily of the cadherin gene superfamily, and are featured by their unusually large extracellular domain. In this work, we investigated the function of a mammalian Fat cadherin. Fat1 was localized at filopodial tips,...
Authors: Tanoue T and Takeichi M

Interleukin 10 regulates cell surface and soluble LIR-2 (CD85d) expression on dendritic cells resulting in T cell hyporesponsiveness in vitro

Dendritic cells (DC) are unique in their ability to stimulate naive T cells to proliferate and to differentiate into effector T cells. DC, however, can also inhibit T cell activation and play a role in central and peripheral tolerance. IL-10 has been...
Authors: Beinhauer BG, McBride JM, Graf P, Pursch E, Bongers M, Rogy M, Korthauer U, de Vries JE, Aversa G...

Involvement of caspase-4 in endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis and A-induced cell death

Recent studies have suggested that neuronal death in Alzheimer's disease or ischemia could arise from dysfunction of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Although caspase-12 has been implicated in ER stress-induced apoptosis and amyloid-beta...
Authors: Hitomi J, Katayama T, Eguchi Y, Kudo T, Taniguchi M, Koyama Y, Manabe T, Yamagishi S, Bando Y,...

Mammalian PAR-1 determines epithelial lumen polarity by organizing the microtubule cytoskeleton

Epithelial differentiation involves the generation of luminal surfaces and of a noncentrosomal microtubule (MT) network aligned along the polarity axis. Columnar epithelia (e.g., kidney, intestine, and Madin-Darby canine kidney [MDCK] cells) generate...
Authors: Cohen D, Brennwald PJ, Rodriguez-Boulan E and Musch A

Rab3D and annexin A2 play a role in regulated secretion of vWF, but not tPA, from endothelial cells

von-Willebrand factor (vWF) and tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) are products of endothelial cells acutely released into the vasculature following cell activation. Both factors are secreted after intraendothelial Ca(2+) mobilization, but...
Authors: Knop M, Aareskjold E, Bode G and Gerke V

Identification of an angiogenic factor that when mutated causes susceptibility to Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome

Angiogenic factors are critical to the initiation of angiogenesis and maintenance of the vascular network. Here we use human genetics as an approach to identify an angiogenic factor, VG5Q, and further define two genetic defects of VG5Q in patients...
Authors: Tian XL, Kadaba R, You SA, Liu M, Timur AA, Yang L, Chen Q, Szafranski P, Rao S, Wu L, Housman DE,...

PKD1/PKCµ promotes alphavbeta3 integrin recycling and delivery to nascent focal adhesions

To identify kinases that regulate integrin recycling, we have immunoprecipitated alphavbeta3 integrin from NIH 3T3 fibroblasts in the presence and absence of primaquine (a drug that inhibits receptor recycling and leads to accumulation of integrins...
Authors: Woods AJ, White DP, Caswell PT and Norman JC

ERM proteins regulate cytoskeleton relaxation promoting T cell-APC conjugation

During activation, T cells associate with antigen-presenting cells, a dynamic process that involves the formation of a broad area of intimate membrane contact known as the immunological synapse. The molecular intermediates that link initial antigen...
Authors: Faure S, Salazar-Fontana LI, Semichon M, Tybulewicz VL, Bismuth G, Trautmann A, Germain RN and Delon...

Identification of genes regulated by 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME2) in multiple myeloma cells using oligonucleotide arrays

Our previous study demonstrated that 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME2), an estrogen derivative, induces apoptosis in multiple myeloma (MM) cells; however, the related transcriptional events are unclear. In the present study, we used oligonucleotide...
Authors: Chauhan D, Li G, Auclair D, Hideshima T, Richardson P, Podar K, Mitsiades N, Mitsiades C, Li C, Kim...
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