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4541 results sorted by

BPAG1n4 is essential for retrograde axonal transport in sensory neurons

Disruption of the BPAG1 (bullous pemphigoid antigen 1) gene results in progressive deterioration in motor function and devastating sensory neurodegeneration in the null mice. We have previously demonstrated that BPAG1n1 and BPAG1n3 play important...
Authors: Liu JJ, Ding J, Kowal AS, Nardine T, Allen E, Delcroix JD, Wu C, Mobley W, Fuchs E and Yang Y

Substitution in position 3 of cyclosporin A abolishes the cyclophilin-mediated gain-of-function mechanism but not immunosuppression

Binary complex formation between the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporin A (CsA) and cyclophilin 18 is the prerequisite for the ability of CsA to inhibit the protein phosphatase activity of calcineurin, a central mediator of antigen-receptor...
Authors: Baumgrass R, Zhang Y, Erdmann F, Thiel A, Weiwad M, Radbruch A and Fischer G

Src family protein-tyrosine kinases alter the function of PTEN to regulate phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT cascades

Src family protein-tyrosine kinases, which play an important role in signal integration, have been implicated in tumorigenesis in multiple lineages, including breast cancer. We demonstrate, herein, that Src kinases regulate the phosphatidylinositol...
Authors: Lu Y, Yu Q, Liu JH, Zhang J, Wang H, Koul D, McMurray JS, Fang X, Yung WKA, Siminovitch KA and Mills...

Cathepsin D triggers Bax activation, resulting in selective AIF relocation in T lymphocytes entering the early commitment phase to apoptosis

Activated human T lymphocytes exposed to apoptotic stimuli targeting mitochondria (i.e. staurosporine), enter an early, caspase-independent phase of commitment to apoptosis characterized by cell shrinkage and peripheral chromatin condensation. We...
Authors: Bidère N, Lorenzo HK, Carmona S, Laforge M, Harper F, Dumont C and Senik A

Efficient gene transfer into the human natural killer cell line, NKL, using the amaxa nucleofection system

Natural killer (NK) cell lines are useful for studying facets of NK cell biology. Such cell lines are notoriously difficult to transfect by traditional methods, a fact that has hampered NK cell biology studies for a long time. To overcome this, we...
Authors: Maasho K, Marusina A, Reynolds NM, Coligan JE and Borrego F

Nucleofection as an efficient nonviral transfection method for human monocytic cells

Despite some progress in the field of gene transfer into hard-to-transfect cells, so far an efficient nonviral method for monocytes has not been available. A comparison of plasmid DNA with capped and polyadenylated mRNA for enhanced green fluorescent...
Authors: Martinet W, Schrijvers DM and Kockx MM

The human fascin gene promoter is highly active in mature dendritic cells due to a stage-specific enhancer

Dendritic cells (DC), regarded as the most efficient APCs of the immune system, are capable of activating naive T cells. Thus, DC are primary targets in immunotherapy. However, little is known about gene regulation in DC, and for efficient...
Authors: Bros M, Ross XL, Pautz A, Reske-Kunz AB and Ross R

Neuron-derived orphan receptor-1 (NOR-1) modulates vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation

Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) migration and proliferation play a key role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease. However, the transcription factors that regulate VSMC activation are not completely characterized. By a...
Authors: Martinez-Gonzalez J, Rius J, Castellܳ A, Cases-Langhoff C and Badimon L

Chemokine stimulation of human periphereal blood T lymphocytes induces rapid dephosphorylation of ERMs which facilitates loss of microvilli and polarization

Lymphocyte microvilli mediate initial rolling-adhesion along endothelium but are lost during transmigration from circulation to tissue. However, the mechanism for resorption of lymphocyte microvilli remains unexplored. We show that chemokine...
Authors: Brown MJ, Nijhara R, Hallam JA, Gignac M, Yamada KM, Erlandsen SL, Delon J, Kruhlak M and Shaw S

NK1 receptor fused to beta-arrestin displays a single-component, high-affinity molecular phenotype

Arrestins are cytosolic proteins that, upon stimulation of seven transmembrane (7TM) receptors, terminate signaling by binding to the receptor, displacing the G protein and targeting the receptor to clathrin-coated pits. Fusion of beta-arrestin1 to...
Authors: Martini L, Hastrup H, Holst B, Fraile-Ramos A, Marsh M and Schwartz TW